Waste management as the name is already explaining its definition of the management of waste from the point of its origin to the point of its disposal all sorts of processes and techniques that will be used in between will be considered as the management of the waste. Some of the most common processes that have been involved in waste management are as follows: waste collection – collecting the waste from different areas of every type, transportation – this includes the movement of waste from the point of origin to its termination point where the disposal will get finally treated in a way that it causes as much less harm to the surrounding as it can, processing – this is the main part of the waste management process where the waste gets treated in a way that it cause less harm to humankind, and the last and far most important step among all in the entire process is of disposal and the recycling of the waste product – it covers the entire process of getting the recyclable items from the waste so that it can be reused for some another purpose and after that the part which is far beyond from recycling such as electronic waste and another kind of chemical waste this get disposed in the much better way or in a way that it put as much less impact on the surrounding as it can.
The solid waste which is being produced in a large quantity every day by the human being doing activities on daily basis is a huge problem in today’s time that is not getting the right attention at all that will cause much damage every day and the result from it will lead to a disastrous end for the ecosystem and sooner or later the observable changes in the urban areas where people live became visible and it will be too late to do anything at that period the climate change and increasing global warming are because of the negative activity of humans, hence it has been observed that human cannot save the nature but only can live or survive with it.
In very simple terms solid waste could be defined as the treatment of waste in such a way that it put less impact on the health of people living near areas, nature, and economics. And for this purpose, different techniques could be used such as burning solid waste in an open area, dumping solid waste in the sea, landfills with the solid waste, process composting for solid waste, and plowing the field for disposal of solid waste. Solid waste is anything unwanted things or items which have been generated as a result of human activities such as industrial, commercial, etc, Ike, (et al., 2018).
Waste management based on modern methods and techniques has recently emerged in the 1980s. It was not a problem when the population was not that big enough but with the growing population, it has been observed that the need for waste management gets crucial as the activities which are based on daily level produce a huge amount of waste that is needed to be treated. With time it has been found out that waste treatment is a necessity and must be handled with the same kind of importance doing negligible. The process of treating the waste consists of different steps which are collection, transport, processes, and disposal.
It can be defined as the process of treating the unwanted item which is termed as waste in a way so that it can cause less harm to humankind along with nature. History has shown that there are many negative impacts of waste that are present around in surrounding and to deal with its different kinds of processes and techniques are used in today’s time so that the necessary arrangement around waste management could be done. Environment and surroundings are very important for all living beings and must be treated accordingly.
Not only that from time to time it has been found out that the people present in the surrounding must contribute to the cause so that it became easy to handle the overall waste management if everyone will do it at their level then the waste management process will become easy simple things that could be done is as reuse recycle. It is the responsibility of every to make sure that they don’t contribute to causing more waste than is already there. And try to use the more natural items in their daily life so that the necessary help toward the waste management process could be provided (McAllister, 2015).
Aims and objective
The most basic aim that is as for solid waste management in the urban area is to treat the waste that has been produced by the human activities which they do on daily basis this creates a huge amount of waste and if does not get treated accordingly then it will become the threat for human and all living thing around it.
To treat the solid waste present in the urban area to maintain the safety of humankind and living things that are present in the surrounding. To make and maintain a clean surrounding that is free from all sorts of dangerous things in relation the waste so that the livelihood of humankind does not get affected.
1 Decreasing the solid waste amount from the current status by using the solid waste treatment processes (it includes the different types of technology in it such as using three R principle which is reuse, recycle, and reduce)
2 To minimize the effect that could be caused because of the waste present near the living being (switching to the more positive ideas towards the waste treatment)
3 To minimize the effect of waste on the environment and the current surrounding including all in it. (saving the environment from the activities of humans) (Sharma, et al., 2020).
As of now, the area of research that has been included in this is waste treatment in the urban area. Using the different available techniques and including the updates from time to time in it. The most efficient way is to be taken under use so that the treatment for the waste could be handled accordingly and the desired purpose could get fulfilled from it that is to make and maintain the surroundings free from the waste. The research area will cover the major part of waste management which are as research on the method involved in the process, a philosophy that has been taken under consideration regarding solving the problem caused by waste management, and the techniques that are used in the process that is more practical rather than being theoretical.
Research area means the different parts which will go to be taken under consideration to the main concept which has been taken under consideration in planning the research area are as follows:
1 Measuring the impact of waste on a global level.
2 The importance of recycling in the waste management process.
3 The overall perception of waste management by people that are living in their surroundings (Mian, et al., 2017).
The area of research does contain importance as it provides the area to work on and without it, nothing could be done, but this step is far more important than the previous one because the problem can be easily identified it is the solution that has to be good enough to make sure that the problem which has been identified could be treated from it at all level. The waste treatment contains many different types of method in it which all serves the same purpose and that is to minimize the impact of hazards that can be caused by the pile of dump present everywhere in a place.
Among all the most common ways or methods for treating waste are as follows:
1 Recycling – This is the best practice which can anyone perform but the impact from it will be huge it is the most simple technique in which the used item gets in use multiple times, for example, using the plastic bag that someone has gotten for the first time for other places also by doing this on a large scale a huge amount of plastic waste could be reduced which was a potential solid waste that would be accumulated if the process of recycling has not to be taken under use.
2 incineration – This is the process of burning down the excess amount of waste which can’t be treated in any way the most common waste material that has been taken under this is the old furniture and the wood or the material from it which can be taken under use again and get burned out in open place so that to make the pile of dump get into use for different purposes, for example, to create the heat for the desired purpose and for creating the electricity (Miezah, et al., 2015).
The most basic philosophy that is included in waste management is that the amount of impact from taste management on humankind is less and the approach for managing the current waste in a much more efficient manner. The basic concept that it involves is the renewal of resources to reduce the use and dependency on fossil fuels.
The three theories around waste management which are very popular are as follows;
1 Reduce – This is the most common way which everyone can do on the three-ground level as it includes the reduction in causing the waste that average human generates on a daily level or treating them at their level in a much better way.
2 Reuse – philosophy behind this is to make sure that no new item has been bought rather than this the old or previous item could be used and it will lead to saving or contributing less toward the daily waste.
3 Recycle – The waste items that people generally throw away are mostly recyclable and this is one of the best things that every individual could do at their level and contribute toward the right cause (Kaza, et al., 2018).
Different techniques can be used to manage the solid waste so that it can create less impact on its surroundings as minimum as possible and the techniques are as follows:
1 Solid waste open burning – This is the method in which a large amount of solid waste after processing through which the recyclable and usable items have been removed has been gathered at any open place and burning it whole so that there is more free space because handling such large amount of waste is not possible.
2 Dumping of solid waste in the sea – In this process, a large amount of solid waste is transported from the big ship to different parts of the sea and gets dumped at a place where there is less number living things. This method does make sure that there are no living things around the place but it is impossible to make sure that there is not any life form nearby rather it became very easy for waste to travel across the large area from the place of dumping and this will cause the hindrance in the aquatic life form.
3 Composting method – This process is very much similar in comparison to the land field method as this both methods use a large part of the land and the dumping of solid waste has been done on them, but the main difference between these two is that the landfilling method is used for the putting any kind of waste material at a place and on other hand, in composting method, only the land is used to compost and the material in it are all mostly biodegradable and it is a much better way in comparison to another one.
4 land fields of solid waste – In this method, the large area of land out from the populated area has been taken out to dump the waste item away from the human population so that the hazardous effect of it could be far away from the living things (Joshi, & Ahmed, 2016).
Data analysis strategy
The sustainability of the process is the top priority among all the policies regarding waste management the detailed analysis is based on the terms with the structure in which it has been available to everyone to get examined thoroughly. The analysis is very important in everything and particularly in the waste management process, the analysis plays a vital role as it is very difficult to differentiate between the waste and the non-waste item, and if the objective is clear that it became easy to handle the overall process. Knowing what part of waste actually can be used further and the amount is actual waste will be provided from the waste management analysis. This includes the different policies around waste management to make sure that the process is of low cost and high return as treating the waste with the wrong method could lead to a high amount of financial loss too, which must be avoided at any cost the analysis part in this report put the light of the topic of solid waste management in the urban areas. The main goal is to use the methods and different available techniques most efficient manner possible (Nanda, & Berruti, 2021).
Future of waste management
As it has been observed that the waste which is present in our surrounding is nothing but the result of the activities which has been performed by human daily that has to lead to the disastrous result that current humanity is facing and if necessary actions wouldn’t be taken against it then it will lead to the more savior condition than it already is. The future of waste management involves better technique and method which provides the maximum result with low effort, but the only solution to this problem is the involvement of all people to solve the problem of solid waste, as the waste is not done by any single person it is the result of the activities which a large number of people is doing every day. So to make sure that the problem gets solved the root of the problem is needed to be cured which is the lack of knowledge that the people contain which has led to such issues Dumping the huge loads of solid waste in seawater has led to damaging the aquatic life at a big level nobody has been aware of it and those who do not care because nothing has happened to them but it does the fish that get dangerous because of the polluted water can lead to the different diseases. In very simple terms solid waste could be defined as the treatment of waste in such a way that it put less impact on the health of people living near areas, nature, and economics. And for this purpose, different techniques could be used such as burning solid waste in an open area, dumping solid waste in the sea, landfills with the solid waste, process composting for solid waste, and plowing the field for disposal of solid waste. Ignorance among the people with the growing population, it has been observed that the need for waste management gets crucial as the activities which are based on daily level produce a huge amount of waste that is needed to be treated. With time it has been found out that waste treatment is a necessity and must be handled with the same kind of importance doing negligible. Different techniques and useful methods for treating the solid waste present in the urban area to maintain the safety of humankind and living things that are present in the surrounding. To make and maintain a clean surrounding that is free from all sorts of dangerous things in relation the waste so that the livelihood of humankind does not get affected (Das, et al., 2019).
The current methodologies which are being used in the method or technique for the waste management process are not enough and there is a need for change because the current methods are not showing sustainable results. More improved methods to solve the problem with a better approach must be used to make sure that the solid waste could be managed properly and that the hazardous impact from it would not harm any living thing.
Solid waste is a huge problem in today’s time that is not getting the right attention at all that will cause much damage every day and the result from it will lead to a disastrous end for the ecosystem and sooner or later the observable changes in the urban areas where people live became visible and it will be too late to do anything at that period the climate change and increasing global warming are because of the negative activity of humans, hence it has been observed that human cannot save the nature but only can live or survive with it. Dumping the huge loads of solid waste in seawater has led to damaging the aquatic life at a big level nobody has been aware of it and those who do not care because nothing has happened to them but it does the fish that get dangerous because of the polluted water can lead to the different diseases.
There is a need of educating people on the bad impact of waste that it could cause to humankind. The involvement of the government bodies to promote using natural things over non-natural things is one of the best examples of it is using the carry bag made up of biodegradable material over the plastic bags which are far better than this as plastics are not biodegradable and it has been found out that it is one of the most dangerous items in solid waste which is choking the entire ecosystem and if the use of plastic gets carried over with the same pace there will be no fertile land left for the production of the organic crop.
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