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Inspection of Civil Structure

Instructions to Learners:

  • This summative assessment can be completed in class or at any other convenient location.
  • Students are required to complete this task using digital tools and ensure to submit inanaccep table format, e.g. .docx, .pdf, .pptx, or as advised by your assessor.
  • Pleaseusethefollowingformattingguidelinestocompletethisassessmenttask:
    • Font Size:12;Line Spacing:Double;FontStyle:TimesNew Roman
  • Assessment activities can be completed either in real workplace environment or in asimulatedenvironmentsuchasyourclassroom.Inbothcases,appropriateevidenceoftheassessmentactivitiesmustbeprovided.


  • Youmustassessstudent’sassessmentaccordingtotheprovidedMarkingCriteria.
  • Youmustcompleteandrecordanyevidencerelatedtoassessmentactivitiesincludingrole-plays and presentations using appropriate forms which must be attached with student assessment submission.
  • You must provide students with detailed feedback within working days from submission.

Skills Assessment(Practical Tasks)

This assessment task requires you to inspect a civil structure as nominated by your Assessor.ThisAssessmenttaskrequiresthecompletionofaLevel2inspectioninaccordancewithlocalstatelegislationandregulationsas per your state. The task requires you to:

  • interpreting project contract specification requirements
  • applying procedures to problem solve
  • making decisions for activity
  • carrying out continuous improvement in meeting task outcomes

and these will be relevant to the structure being assessed. Generic Bridge and Culvert inspection forms are included following for you to record your inspection. Note: Where specific state forms are relevant and available, the attached forms may be substituted with the mandatory state forms.

For the purposes of the assessment, civil structures that you are required to inspect will include one or more of the following:

  • civil concrete structures, including:
    • bridges, including their:
      • foundations
      • abutments
      • piers
      • beams
      • decks
      • pre-catenin-sit elements
      • normally rein force dandpre-stressed elements
    • retaining walls
  • waterstoragetanks andsmalldams
  • noisebarriers
  • culverts
  • safetybarriers
  • civilsteelstructures,including:
    • bridges
    • signgantries
    • verticalsignsupports
    • noisebarriersupports
    • guardrails
  • civiltimberstructures,including:
    • bridges,jettiesandwharves
    • retainingwalls
    • noisebarriers
  • civilmasonry,cribandgabionstructures,including:
    • masonrywalls
    • cribwalls
    • gabionwalls
    • foundationsforthesewall

AsidefromtheBridgeandCulvertinspectionforms,youmustalsocompletetheInspectionRecord Form.

Inspection Activity Record

Site Name
Side Location Port Jackson, Sydney (Australia)
Pre-Production inspection
Inspection Date 1) Inspection purpose is to check the physical condition of the bridge
InspectionType 2) Inspect maintenance
PurposeofInspection 3) The bridge design is safe
4) Find potential and the actual source
5) Inspect that sufficient labor is there or not
Required Equipment 1) Spotlight for bridge underside look
2) Boots and warder for mobile streams
3) Plumb mob
4) Tool bag which is made with canvas
1)  Project report related to bridge
2) Documents that contain the information of materials and their proportions
3) Note pad for writing required information
4) Equipment to check the quality
5) Schedule of labor that is working on the project
Tool box meeting date time and agenda  Toolbox meeting date – 25-07-2022
Toolbox meeting time – 12:00 am on Monday

Toolbox meeting agenda- The meeting agenda is discussing the mapping cracks, potholes, and spalling on the bridge and the bridge decks.

Granite, Method Statement charge.

ObservedsiteHazardsandControls The site hazards of the bridge site are:
1) Solvent exposures
2) Metal Fumes
3) Ergonomic hazards
4) Nuisance Dust
5) Carbon Monoxide
6) Asbestos
7) Hand-arm shaking syndrome
8) Poignant objective
Site             PreparationMethods 1) Composed cantilever Method of bridge construction
2) Cast-in-situ method
3) Incremental launching method
4) Precast Method
TrafficControl For traffic control, while bridge construction is processed then use this (Safiullin, et al., 2020)
1) Make blockades to block streets
2) Implement the stop sign on the bridge site
3) Elevated Pavement Markers
4) make speed Bumps
5) Turn prohibitions (Safiullin, et al., 2020)
InspectionMethods 1) Chipping Method
2) Coring method(Zhong, et al., 2018)
3) Meg-hectic inspection
4) Acoustical technique of inspection
5) Half-cell potential test
6) Thermal imaging inspection method (Zhong, et al., 2018)
Defect              MarkingProcedures 1) Process of bridge making
2) Creep defect
3) Shrinkage defect
4) Corrosion defects
5) alkali-silica reactions


q  human        resourcerequirements

q  plant andmachineryrequirements

q  constructionmaterialsrequirements

q  sub-contractorsupportrequirements

q  waste          disposalrequirements

q  coordinationrequirements

q  activityscheduling

Human resource requirements:(Smirnova, et al., 2019)

1) Employee performance

2) Employee training
3) Monitoring
4) Succession planning

5) organization development (Smirnova, et al., 2019)

Plant and machinery requirements:

1) Backhoes

2) Vertical masts and hydro platforms
3) Arial lifts
4) Skid loaders

5) Cranes

construction material requirement:

1) Reinforced concrete
2) Cement
3) pre-stressed concrete
4) post-tensed- concreate

5) Sand

6) Coarse Aggregate


1) carpenters

2) Equipment supplier

3) Masonry workers
4) Excavators
5) Bricklaying (Merriman, & Knapp, 2019)

Waste disposal requirement:

1) Recycling

2) Composting waste

3) Landfills

4) Demolition of waste(Beauchamp, 2018)

Coordination requirements

1) Coordination requirement Sound organizational structure

2) Formation of Committees

3) Voluntary cooperation

Activity Scheduling:

1) Marking schedule

2) Roof laying time and date
3) Concreting time schedule

4) Flooring and finishing schedules

5) Brick Masonry

q  materials     deliveryscheduling

q  riskassessmentandmanagementrequirements

q  workhealthandsafety      (WHS)requirements

q  quality

managementrequirements,including                      testingschedulingrequirements

q  trafficmanagementrequirements

q  environmentalrequirements

q  task        monitoringrequirements

q  task      performancemonitoringrequirements

q  communicationrequirements

q  reportingrequirements

Materials delivery requirement is applicable before starting the bridge construction, collect all required materials.
risk assessment and management requirement:

1) Find risk
2) Conduct quantitative and qualitative an analysis

3) develop a risk evaluation

4) Communicate about the risk

5) Established risk

6) Arrange risks

Work health requirements:

1) Fire Blanketing

2) Eye and face protection
3) High-visibility safety equipment

4) Hand protection from the harmful machine and sharp objects

5) Head protections

6) Safe vehicles

Quality management requirement:

1) Check the material quality

2) Check the equipment quality from which the bridge is made

3) check the quality by multimeter

1) Make blockades to block streets

2) Implement the stop sign on the bridge site

3) Elevated Pavement Markers

4) make speed Bumps

5) Turn prohibitions

Environmental requirements:

1) Use of water

2) Construction does not affect the environment

3) Target quality

Task monitoring requirements

1) Project surveys

2) Group discussion

3) Group mapping

4) Observation method

5) Project record

Task performance requirements

1) Project surveys

2) Group discussion

3) Group mapping

4) Observation method

5) Project record

Communication requirements

1) Use technology

2) Avoid Jargon

3) encourage communication skill
4) Maintain quantity and quality

reporting requirement for construction

1) Timeline of the project completed

2) Communication plan
3) Contact data

4) Open action items

5) Project stakeholder

Required Outcomes q  civilstructuresreportrequirements

q  inspectioncostrequirements

q  identificationofconcretestructuresandelementsproblems,suchas:

q  cracks

q  delamination

q  displacement

q  waterwhereitshouldnotbe

q  ruststainsand

q  limeleaching

q  identificationofsteelstructuresandelementsproblems,suchas:

q  deflection

q  corrosion

q  cracking

q  damagedprotectivecoating

q  missing,damagedorloosefastenings

q  Identificationoftimberstructuresandelementsproblems,suchas:

q  deflection

q  cracking

q  rotting

q  lamination

q  moisture

q  pestattack

q  missing,damagedorloosefastenings

q  identificationofmasonry,crib,orgabionstructuresandelementsproblems,suchas:

q  settling

q  cracking

q  missingmortar

q  efflorescence

q  weepholecondition

Summary                   of

Observations                                 andRecommendations

This observation is for lane 2 of the bridge, in which the material is used

For bridges such as:

Steel, stone, cement, concrete, timber, aluminum, and iron are used in the bridge making every lane the same material is used because the bridge is the same as all lanes.

In this lane construction, the contractor fulfills safetyrequirements which are very important, in the bridge inspection process, we are developing plans for achieving the project, the prior design of the project, and the predetermined cost for the project. The Sydney harbor bridge is a very famous bridge or steel-arch bridge in Australia, the span of this bridge is 500 meters.The designer of this bridge is Dorman long.(Mirza, et al., 2020) The total length is 1,149 m, below I will attach the document of the bridge and the cost of the bridge



This bridge has six lanes and it is operating as a toll road in the past history, this bridge has a wide cycleway for cyclists and this way the fencing is on that way so that people do not commit suicide.

It has four railroad tracks, it has also two walkways, and a highway, this highway is an intrinsic part of Sydney.(Mirza, et al., 2020)

One drawback is exhausted air in the tunnel.

The total cost spend is 10 million pounds.

recommendations for bridge:

1) Abutment plan

2) Safety

3) Site conditions

4) Trail width

5) Geotechnical analysis

The area which must be inspected:

1) Bearing inspection

2) Inspection of the waterway system

3) Foundation inspection needs to be inspected properly

4) Substructure such as Impact damages, honeycomb, concrete

5) Wearing coat should be inspected

6) Concrete Crash Barrier

For maintenance of the bridge, it requires regular inspection of the bridge and safety for the public is required. The trade involved in bridge construction are Fitters, Riggers, electronics, painters, carpenters, plumbers, and boilermakers. The greatest maintenance is bridge painting

, and painting is necessary for Steelwork, each bridge coat is 30,000 L paint used.

This is all for the HARBOUR BRIDGE.


Beauchamp, A. H. (2018). An exploration of body composition in healthy early and full term infants using air displacement plethysmography shortly after birth: a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Science in Nutrition and Dietetics at Massey University, Albany, New Zealand (Doctoral dissertation, Massey University).

Merriman, K. T., & Knapp, D. M. (2019). Avoiding Common Subcontractor Insurance Pitfalls. Risk Management66(5), 32-35.

Mirza, O., Hosseini, M., & Fountain, M. (2020). Numerical investigation of derailment loading on composite fibre transoms for implementation in the Sydney Harbour Bridge. In CIGOS 2019, Innovation for Sustainable Infrastructure (pp. 167-172). Springer, Singapore.

Safiullin, R., Fedotov, V., &Marusin, A. (2020). Method to evaluate performance of measurement equipment in automated vehicle traffic control systems. Transportation Research Procedia50, 20-27.

Smirnova, A. M., Zaychenko, I. M., &Bagaeva, I. V. (2019, September). Formation of requirements for human resources in the conditions of digital transformation of business. In International Conference on Digital Technologies in Logistics and Infrastructure (ICDTLI 2019) (pp. 280-285). Atlantis Press.

Zhong, J., Liu, Z., Han, Z., Han, Y., & Zhang, W. (2018). A CNN-based defect inspection method for catenary split pins in high-speed railway. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement68(8), 2849-2860.

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