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Question 1

The full form of MRSA mode of transmission is methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus it is bacteria that is infected to the infected people who are in contact with the contaminated wound (Ebell, et al., 2016).

Question 2

The person who is infected with the MRSA infection shall first cover the infected area with the bandage. The procedure as follows-

  1. Wash hands properly
  2. Cover the wound properly
  3. Cover the infected dressing
  4. Seek advice before caring for MRSA-positive patients (Ebell, et al., 2016).

Question 3

Yes, the standard precautions shall always be used and needed along with the additional precautions.

Question 4

When the Frances visiting, they wash their hands regularly before and after the visiting situations.

Question 5

The PPE includes a gown and gloves before entering the room to handle the patient with MRSA 9.

Question 6

The PPE shall be removed after the meeting shall be over with the infected person.

Question 7

Frances and her visitors wash their hands often and regularly to maintain hygiene.

Question 8

  1. Do cleaning their room regularly
  2. Regularly remove the dust and its particles
  3. Use disinfectant to clean the surface area

Question 9

In this situation at the workplace, all the employees shall need to be mentioned about the problem that they need to take precautions regarding the infection and with the infected person (Bos, et al., 2016).

Question 10

If the person having a low immune system and the person is unable to handle the body and its body hygiene then he will be at risk of infection.

Question 11

  1. Maintain the cleanliness
  2. Then wash the hands properly
  3. Do not share the personal items
  4. Clean and disinfect the surface properly

Question 12

To injured and harm other people the principle of duty of care is to not to avoid and not to do careless in maintaining the hygiene (Bos, et al., 2016).


Question 1

Will report this incident that Richard is characterized with the group of problems that having an impairment condition of memory loss and judgment (Galizzi, et al., 2017).

Question 2

In my opinion, Richard needs a proper treatment of nondrug therapy along with that there is some sort of age factor also as he is 82 years old so it shall be taken as a normal sign of age factor too.

Question 3

  1. Loss of memory problem
  2. Increasing confusion
  3. Reduced concentration
  4. Behavior changed
  5. Loss of ability
  6. Depression

Question 4

There is a risk of occurrence of Alzheimer’s or vascular dementia and the level of risk shall increase at that level that it includes heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol (Galizzi, et al., 2017).

Question 5

Richard needs monitoring and proper help at home by making Richard calm and include the activities in their daily routine that are enjoyable in favor of Richard.

Question 6

  1. Genetic risk scores
  2. Reducing model complexity
  3. Patient and public perception (Stewart, et al., 2016).

Question 7

  1. Managing stress
  2. Communicating with friends and relatives
  3. Men caring for a person with dementia
  4. Common feelings experienced by cares
  5. Guilt experienced by cares
  6. Coping with feelings as a care of someone with dementia
  7. Resources for cares of someone with dementia (Stewart, et al., 2016).


Site supervisor/manager Date
Name of person completing a risk assessment
Hazard identification and initial risk rating Control measures and actions



Potential harm

Likelihood of harm occurring Consequence level Risk level rating Current control measures & effectiveness  

Further action/controls required

Charlie leaving things where Hilda can trip over them  High  Extreme  High  1  Just to keep the things at their places and monitoring at a regular interval that everything is at their place  Further action required to keep the Hilda at the nearby areas
Charlie accessing dangerous objects (for example, knives, poisons)  High Extreme High 1 Do not lay the things as it is anywhere it is almost dangerous for the Hilda  Keep the things in place and notice every time that where is Hilda is playing and with which toy
Electrical power points


 High Medium Low 2 Make the switches off the electric power a little bit up that Hilda cannot touch them  See that furthermore there are no more wires and another wiring is not laying on the surface.

(Legras, 2016, January).


Electricity Rubbish and waste material Smoking Cooking Heating appliances Combustible material including flammable gases, glues, liquids

(Legras, 2016, January).

Charlie’s quietness – Hilda cannot

tell what she is doing

She can touch and then sense the things that Hilda is doing She cannot watch a Hilda due to her blindness She cannot watch her activity Cannot tell her not to play with the wrong things Cannot watch her what she is doing whether she is eating properly She can smell her feel of what she is doing
Picking up Charlie (risk to the worker)  Lone working Hazardous substance and material  Use of work equipment  Driving of work  Stress Electrical equipment
Charlie’s attraction to playing in the toilet with her


 Check out the Hilda on daily basis by touching her hands and surface  She daily made her habit of not play in the toilet with the toys  Made her stop not to enter the toilet




 Made her busy with some other activity  Do mention her and time-bound her  Made her slept

(Dobrolyubova, 2017).


From the above case study and as per the instructions given will select the client’s room to answer the questions.

Question 1

During the inspection, several things shall be considered under the points that at the time of building the independent person shall the WHS inspections shall be taken at the working place, site work, worksite or specific operations that all the investigation shall be conducted by the independent staff in the organization to assist the staff security and safety zone area where they assist the organization that the staff shall conduct the identification and risk reduction as well as due diligence so there is some of the investigation and risk identification complaint which shall not be taken by them form the client’s room (Dobrolyubova, 2017).

Question 2

The behavior of Non-Complaint will mean that will not follow the rules, regulations, legislation, and advice of others. In the workplace area, all these things shall be revealed the act which comes under the category of act all these are related by the policies and procedures of workplace that will be unable to meet out the standards of the workplace that will come under the category of non-complaint. Although, there will be standards of the workplace that generally and normally there will be interference that shows the ineffectiveness of the employees (Colman, 2020).

Question 3

Every three months, they will be required to do health and safety inspections at work.




Site supervisor/manager  


Name of person completing a risk assessment
Description of activity:
Hazard identification and initial risk rating Control measures and actions
Hierarchy of Control table
Summary of control requirements  

Control/further action




Action by


Due date:

Elimination 1.                  Turn the power off

2.                  Inform other employees

3.                  Lockout/ Tagout

4.                  Stay away from wires

5.                  Maintain equipment

6.                  Wear PPE






 Employers and Workers  5th February 2021
Substitution/Isolation  separating the hazard or hazardous work practice from people not involved in the work or the general work areas.  restricting access to plant and equipment  Employees  10th February 2021
Engineering (example) Recommence regular Poor maintenance of a wheelchair HSR 15/10/2015
maintenance schedule and ensure Maintenance Manager
maintenance occurs at scheduled
Engineering  placing a barrier between the worker and the hazard.  designs or modifications to plants, equipment, ventilation systems, and processes  Maintenance engineer  25th February 2021
Administration  training, procedure, policy, or shift designs that lessen the threat of a hazard to an individual.  controls that alter the way the work is done, including timing of work, policies  Administration manager  1st March 2021
Personal Protective Equipment  Provide leadership, commitment, and role modeling for worker safety

Emphasize healthcare worker education and training

Improve feedback and enforcement of PPE policies and use

Clarify worksite practices and policies

 Chemical safety  Safety manager  10th march 2021

(Colman, 2020).




Locate relevant workplace policies and procedures

Including infection control; emergency management; manual handling and incident reporting

1.                  Management Support

The management support policy is the first feedback that endorses and modeling the behavior of the senior manager and supervisor having a policy which is an important idea for the policy and some of its details that step out before seeking out the feedback of the employee.

2.                  Consult with staff

Policies that are implementing and developing that the involvement of staff includes the policies that might apply and identify the possible unintentional outcomes of the policy.

3.                  Define the terms of the policy

1.                  Occupational Health and Safety

2.                  Email to the staff

Policies that need to specify the names of the hazards that are to be mentioned in that along with the hazards related to infection control

Exposure to chemicals- it includes the fumes, gases, liquids, solids, dust, vapors, and corrosives now it all depends upon the employees that at what level of safety the employees will continue their work and if anyhow by mistake someone inhale and absorb the substance have a responsibility to ensure the risk that how much it could be minimized.

Risk of Fire- the company who is running a business no matter what kind of business is it just while to inform the employees with the help of emergency that could escape it from the routes.

Injury due to Electrical Hazards- maximum workers work with the field and with tools outdoors that during the risk of injury it minimize the risk with the help of one cord by keeping the electrical equipment and conducting regular safety examinations.

Infection control

1.                  Wash the hands regularly and properly so that the spread of infection from pathogens can be prevented with the help of regular hand washing before preparing food or after touching the tool or equipment.

2.                  Waterproof dressing where the cuts and abrasions although intact and healthy is a major barrier.

3.                  Wash your hands before wearing the gloves as if there is touching the skin that cuts or wounds or broken skin, mucus, and other invasive procedure (Gandhi, et al., 2019).



1.                  While listening to the emergency alarm bell or instruction of control personnel run and secure the activities and the employees.

2.                  If notice there is any danger zone then that is the safe zone.

4.                  The emergency services personnel have some of the terms and conditions of the essential conditions that need to be followed as instructions (Gandhi, et al., 2019).


Health and safety legal requirements

Maintaining and providing a safe working environment, structure, and system of work.

Do supervision of training, information, and instruction so that will protect everyone from health and safety at work.

Risk Good Practice
Herd testing equipment like mini-flasks.
Poor workplace design planning improvements or conversion.
Whole-body vibration making sure workers adjust their seats to fit
Repetitive actions workloads and use mechanical aids where possible.


1.                  Eliminate the stressor

2.                  Eat healthily

3.                  Exercise

4.                  Limit the control of alcohol

5.                  Get enough sleep

6.                  Practice mindfulness

7.                  Connect with friends

8.                  Meet with professionals

9.                  Take a break

The person who bears the hazards and its related injury then it is the most common thing and will have to provide the proper services if a chair or wheelchair whichever available through it (Zabin, et al., 2018).


Australian Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of Infection in Healthcare

1.                  The guidelines shall be formed regarding the patients who are suffered from serious injury and the workers will bear up the pose of infections that affects some sort of their organs.

2.                  Healthcare has associated some of the infections in their list that they have made in the area of hospital care workers which includes good practice of general health, community health practices that will be around setting the paramedics to work, and long-term care facilities.

3.                  The workers who are affected with the serious health infections and the organs of their health shall be affected will provide a major and safe environment for the caretaking of their health-related services (Zabin, et al., 2018).


The spills or drops of blood to 10 cm till can handle out easily while the drops of the blood wiped out the areas and the blood easily with the help of tissue or clean tower or with the help of warm water or there is some of the standards that could be maintained in the form of principles are-

1.                  As will apply the concept of PPE.

2.                  Before doing start the area dry or cleaning

3.                  aerosols from spilled material should be avoided (World Health Organization, 2020).


1.                  Gloves

2.                  Safety shield

3.                  Apron

4.                  Powder

5.                  Wipes

6.                  Biohazard bags

7.                  Disposable towels (Gul, et al., 2016).


Bos, M. E., Verstappen, K. M., Van Cleef, B. A., Dohmen, W., Dorado-García, A., Graveland, H., … & Heederik, D. J. (2016). Transmission through the air as a possible route of exposure for MRSA. Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology26(3), 263-269.

Colman, A. (2020). School leadership, school inspection and the micropolitics of compliance and resistance: Examining the hyper-enactment of policy in an area of deprivation. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 1741143219898479.

Dobrolyubova, E. (2017). Evaluating Performance of Government Inspection Bodies: A Possible Approach. NISPAcee Journal of Public Administration and Policy10(2), 49-72.

Ebell, M. H., Call, M., Shinholser, J., & Gardner, J. (2016). Does this patient have infectious mononucleosis?: the rational clinical examination systematic review. Jama315(14), 1502-1509.

Galizzi, M. M., & Wiesen, D. (2017). Behavioral experiments in health: an introduction. Health economics26(S3), 3-5.

Gandhi, S., Kokkula, S., Chaudhuri, A., Magnani, A., Stanley, T., Ahmadi, B., … & Mannor, S. (2019). Image matters: Detecting offensive and non-compliant content/logo in product images. arXiv preprint arXiv:1905.02234.

Giordano, D. L. (2017). Combating Workplace Violence: An Evidence-Based Initiative.

Gul, M., & Guneri, A. F. (2016). A fuzzy multi-criteria risk assessment based on decision matrix technique: A case study for the aluminum industry. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries40, 89-100.

Legras, S. (2016, January). Commuting in Happyville. In 22. Conference of the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (p. 20p).

Stewart, T. C., Clark, A., Gilliland, J., Miller, M. R., Edwards, J., Haidar, T., … & Merritt, N. (2016). Home safe home: evaluation of a childhood home safety program. Journal of trauma and acute care surgery81(3), 533-540.

World Health Organization. (2020). Risk assessment.

Zabin, C., Davidson, I., Holzer, K., Smith, G., Ashton, G., Tamburri, M., & Ruiz, G. (2018). How will vessels be inspected to meet emerging biofouling regulations for the prevention of marine invasions?. Management of Biological Invasions9(3), 195-208.

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