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Follow safe working practices in an automotive workplace

Assessment 1 – Questioning – Written Assessment
Student Name Student ID Number
Unit Start Date Unit End Date
Assessment Due Date Date Submitted
This cover sheet is to be completed by the student and assessor and used as a record to determine student competency in this assessment task
The assessment process and tasks were fully explained. Yes / No
I am aware of which evidence will be collected and how. Yes/ No
I am aware of my right to appeal an assessment decision. Yes / No
I am aware that I can locate The RTO Complaints and Appeals Policy and Procedure on their website at(Insert Website Link) Yes / No
I have discussed any additional educational support or reasonable adjustments I require in order to undertake this assessment with the Student Support Services Officer and Trainer / Assessor, (if applicable). e.g. Student Handbook and Access and Equity Policy(Insert Website Link) Yes / No
I have access to all required resources? Yes / No
Cheating & Plagiarism Declaration
Student Declaration: In accordance with The RTOPlagiarism Policy, I hereby acknowledge by signing this declaration that I have not cheated or plagiarised any work regarding the assessment tasks undertaken in this unit of competency except where the work has been correctly acknowledged.

NOTE: Student must sign this prior to submitting their assessments to the assessor

Signature   Date: ______ / ______ / 20______
Assessment Results Satisfactory or Not Yet Satisfactory
(Please circle the assessment result for this task)
Feedback to Student – Please provide general feedback on the Student’s performance
Student Declaration: – I verify that the work completed is my own and that I was adequately informed of the assessment process prior to commencing this assessment task. Assessor Declaration: – I verify that I have adequately explained and negotiated the assessment tasks with the student prior to commencing assessment.
Student Name: Assessor’s Name:
Student Signature Date Assessor Signature Date
Student Guide for Written Knowledge Assessment
Overview of Assessment This is a written assessment task you will be assess on your knowledge of followingsafe working practice in an automotive workplace.

The topics that will be covered in the assessment are:

1.     Identify and follow workplace safety procedures.

2.     Identify and follow workplace emergency procedures.

This assessment will ensure that the elements, performance criteria, performance evidence and knowledge evidence required, and conditions are adhered to demonstrate competency in this unit assessment task.

·         Read the assessment carefully before commencing.

·         Your Assessor will use the assessment criteria in this document and will provide feedback / comment.

·         You MUST answer all the questions in the assessment tasks in your own words and own handwriting.

·         This is an “Open Book” assessment, and students can use the resources listed in the “Resources Required” section below.

Task/s to be assessed To complete this written assessment, you will need to answer the 68 questions comprising of Multiple Choice, True and False, Fill-in the Gap and Short Answer questions.
Time allowed On average, the Assessment should take 4 – 6 hours to complete.
Location This theory assessment will be completed in a classroom under the supervision of a trainer/assessor.
Decision making rules To receive a ‘satisfactory’ outcome for this assessment students MUST successfully answer all questions. If a student achieves less than 100%, they can reattempt the assessment after further study has taken place. Students who cannot achieve a minimum of 100% you will not have satisfactorily completed this assessment

Your assessor will be looking for the following in this assessment task: –

·         Basic aspects of relevant state or territory workplace health and safety (WHS) legislation, including:

o    Employer responsibilities for workplace practices

o    Employee responsibilities to participate in WHS practices

o    Employee responsibility to ensure own work practices protect the safety of self, other workers and other people in the workplace

·         Workplace procedures for:

o    Selecting and using personal protective equipment (PPE)

o    Identifying hazards, including slip hazards and trip hazards

o    Running motor vehicles in the workplace

o    Emergency, fire and accident procedures, including:

–        Personnel responsibilities

–        Evacuation procedures and assembly points

o    Housekeeping procedures

·         Purpose and structure of WHS committees, including:

o    Roles of workplace personnel

o    Qualifications held by workplace personnel, including:

–        First aid

–        Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

–        Fire warden and workplace evacuation

–        Work health and safety representative

·         Personal safety in an automotive workplace, including:

o    Hearing protection

o    Skin protection

o    Protective clothing

o    Protective footwear

o    Eye protection

·         Manual handling, including:

o    Storing items

o    Planning the lift

o    Using correct lifting techniques and equipment

·         Meaning of WHS symbols and signs

·         Machine and equipment safety, including:

o    Using hand tools and hand-held power tools

o    Using compressed air

o    Using machine guards

o    Electrical tools, including:

–        Checking before use

–        Faulty equipment tagging and isolation procedures

o    Vehicle lifting equipment, including:

–        Working in pits

–        Using jacks and stands

–        Using hoists

–        Safe working load (SWL) of jacks and hoists

·         Vehicle safety, including:

o    Engine moving parts

o    Engine and exhaust hot components

o    Electrical hazards associated with:

–        High voltage ignition systems

–        Wearing jewelry while working around high current wiring systems

–        Using electrical tools around water

o    Batteries

o    Fuel, including petrol, diesel and natural and petroleum gas

o    High voltage in battery electrical and hybrid vehicles

o    High voltage injectors

·         Hazardous materials, including handling and storing:

o    Oils

o    Brake fluid

o    Brake dust

o    Chemicals

o    Cleaning products

o    Safety data sheets (SDS).

Assessment conditions Competency is to be assessed in the workplace or a simulated environment that accurately reflects performance in a real workplace setting.

Assessment MUST include direct observation of tasks.

Where assessment of competency includes third-party evidence, individuals MUST provide evidence that links them to having followed safe work practices while working in an automotive workplace, e.g. documented hazard inspection or incident report.

Assessors MUST verify performance evidence through questioning on skills and knowledge to ensure correct interpretation and application.

The following resources MUST be made available:

·         Automotive workplace or simulated workplace

·         Workplace procedures and instructions relating to safe work practices

·         Workplace safety and emergency evacuation procedures

·         Hazardous chemicals and dangerous goods information

·         Safety materials and equipment relevant to an automotive workplace

·         Fire safety equipment

·         Documents for recording workplace safety, accidents and incidents.

Assessors of this unit MUST satisfy the requirements for assessors in applicable vocational education and training legislation, frameworks and/or standards.

Resources required Learning Resources available to students include:

·         Automotive Technology (A System Approach) 7th Edition – Chapters 2 & 7

·         Websites

  • Lock Out and Tagging of Equipment –
  • Safety and Prevention –
  • Fire Warden –

o    CPR –

·         Trainer Handouts

Results/Re-assessment ·         The Assessor will grade the assessment and record the result on the front page of this document (S) – Satisfactory if all observable behaviours are correct and (NS) not satisfactory if any areas are left incorrect

·         Feedback will be provided on either result

·         Where a student receives a ‘NS – Not Satisfactory’ result, the assessor will discuss the area of the non-compliant observable behaviour and an opportunity given for re-assessment. This may be through direct observation or a different method of assessment e.g. verbal/oral questioning, problem solving exercise.

·         If the outcome is again not satisfactory the student result will be deemed (NYC) not yet competent. Additional feedback will be given, and a time agreed upon for further assessment after additional training and skills practice has taken place, this information will be recorded, dated and signed in the re-assessment area on the last page of this document

·         Where all the assessment tasks have been graded (S) Satisfactory, the student will be deemed C – Competent for the practical component and the result recorded and signed in the area indicated on the last page of this document

Reasonable Adjustment If the participant is unable to undertake the written assessment as designed, an interview (verbal questioning) may be used as an alternate approach.
Assessment 1 – Questioning
Written Assessment
  1. Locate and record the name and date of the OH&S/WH&S document relevant to your State/Territory, e.g. Work Health and Safety (Transitional and Consequential Provisions) Act 2011.

The Student only needs to select their state.

The occupational health & safety Act 2004
The Model WHS Act
  1. Identify and summaries the objectives of State/Territories OH&S/WH&S Act.
It is needed to follow occupational health & safety as well as work health and safety act to maintain positive and safe environment at workplace. It is beneficial to control risk in different areas. It is helpful to reduce the injuries that could be done at workplace. It is helpful to decrease the effect of disease and injury.
  1. Summarize the specific duties that are part of the general responsibilities required of an employer under OH&S/WH&S Acts.
There are general responsibilities of an employer under WHS as well as OHS act such as
1) It is needed to take personal care as well as other candidates care
2) It is needed to follow act effectually
3) It must not affect negatively to anyone
4) To provide a safe environment

5) To provide appropriate services

6) To provide first aid services (Lavery, et al., 2016).

  1. Identify the three (3) duties within employee responsibilities in OH&S/WH&S Acts and describe each of the duties.
 To follow health and safety policies and procedure of WHS act
To take utilization of equipment protection tools
To Report hazards and issues immediately

Multiple Choice question. Select the correct answer.

  1. Who is responsible for Work Health and Safety (WH&S)/Occupational Health and Safety (OH&S) in the workshop?
  2. The employer.
  3. No-one.
  4. The employee.
  5. Identify five [5] important items of personal protective equipment [PPE] that must be used in an automotive workplace?
1) Gloves must be worn
2) Protection of eyes
3) There must be good respiration system
4) Protection of ears (Lavery, et al., 2016)
5) cloth must be comfortable
  1. Slips, trips and falls result in thousands of injuries every year. What are the most common injuries?
The most common injuries that could be happened from these are dislocated joints and fractures. Knee and shoulder injury could be happened.

Multiple Choice question. Select the correct answer.

  1. The floor of your work area and bench tops should be kept clean, dry, and orderly. Any oil, coolant, or grease on the floor can make it slippery. ___Slips_______ can result in serious injuries?
  2. Slips.
  3. Dirty Workbench.
  4. Drain covers.

True False question. Select the correct answer.

  1. Properly store all parts and tools by putting them away in a place where people will not trip over them. This practice not only cuts down on injuries, it also reduces time wasted looking for a misplaced part or tool.
üTrue or ☐False


  1. Whenever you need to have the engine running for diagnosis or service, the engine’s exhaust must be vented to the outside. Why?
Engine exhausted must be vented outside as it could reach harmful particles that are harmful for everyone.


  1. In the workplace, who should know what to do in case of an emergency procedures, such as fire and accident?
The business owner and employers are responsible for emergency procedure at workplace (Hilgert, et al., 2012).

 Multiple Choice question. Select the correct answer.

  1. Everyone in the workplace should know what to do in case of an emergency. Likely emergencies could include?
  2. Fires.
  3. Chemical spills.
  4. Serious accidents and personal injury.
  5. All the answers are correct.

Multiple Choice question. Select the correct answer.

  1. It is important that everybody knows the ambulance, fire and police emergency contact number. Throughout Australia this number is ________?
  2. If an emergency requires the workplace evacuation, where should everyone go to?
They must search for shelters that are available for emergency cases and that is already instructed to all members at a time of evacuation. Authorities will let you know that where shelter is located and safest route to reach there (Hilgert, 2012).
  1. Accidents involving machinery or equipment may require the evacuation of a workplace. If evacuation is necessary, what four [4] procedures must be followed?

There are four procedures for workplace evacuation

1) Activate fire alarm time to time

2) Relevant information must be provided time to time

3) Emergency maps must be framed

4) Response for medical injury must be done quickly

  1. What does “Good Housekeeping” mean in the automotive workplace? Write down two [2] points.
It is helpful to manage and plan movement and storage of every material.
It provides material flow plan to make sure about minimal handling.
  1. What does “Poor Housekeeping” mean in the automotive workplace? Write down three [3] points.
It results in disorder of material and stock.
It results in poor management for storage of materials.
It results in dirt and unhygienic at work place.
  1. What is the specific function of Workplace Health and Safety committees in the automotive workplace?Write down four [4] points.
Four functions are as follows
It is responsible to ensure about management activities regarding different situations at workplace
It is responsible to response quickly in every work health and safety aspect.
It is helpful to reduce impact of risk as well as overall possible risks at workplace.
It is helpful to make specific action plan for the development and enhancement of workplace health and safety aspect (Hilgert, 2012).
  1. What is meant by first aid?
First aid is a way that is utilized for quick treatment that is done for an ill person as well as injured person at a time when it could not be taken to the hospital. It is kept to reduce impact of injury and disability of future.
  1. What is the minimum acceptable level of training for first aid officers for workplace?
It must be familiar with the first aid officers regarding required terms and aspects at the workplace.
  1. What does CPR stand for?
CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
  1. By performing CPR, what are you doing?
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a way to save life of an individual at a time when their heart beat or breathing stop. It could be a cardiac arrest. It is known as the lifesaving strategy that is useful for different emergencies.

 Fill in the Gaps

  1. The person who wants to become a Fire Warden requires Fire Warden training.Select the missing word from the following associatedstatement about the Fire Warden.

Choice of words: Educate, emergency, evacuation, fire, people, special, Warden, workplace

With Fire _educate_____________training, an individual who is fit for the title will have the following duties:

  • Implement and improve effective ____emergency_________measures in the workplace.
  • Prevent emergencies by making sure the ___fire____________risk control measures meet the specified standards.
  • Make other staff aware of the fire hazards that can occur in the ____workplace___.
  • __special_____________employers on how to respond to emergencies.
  • Run fire drills and ___evacuation____________simulations; with the warden’s guide, employees should be able to identify all emergency exit routes from their area.
  • Make sure that all _people______________in the workplace are accounted for in an evacuation.
  • Assist all employers and patrons during an emergency, including those who have ______special_______needs (i.e. people in wheelchairs or who are physically challenged).
  1. Describe the four [4] specific functions of Workplace Health & Safety Representatives.
There are four functions such as
1) Representation of workers on safety and health matters
2) Make recommendations on the safety and health matters
3) Investigation of complaints and risks
4) Provide feedback related to workplace health and safety aspects
  1. What six [6] basic principles can be adopted to prevent an injury when lifting heavy objects?
1      Position the feet accordingly
2      Bend knees and back must be straight
3      Close the body
4      Make a grip
5      Chin must be in
·                      6      Legs must be lifted

 Multiple Choice question. Select the correct answer.

  1. At what height should heavy objects be stored?
  1. On the ground.
  2. At waist height.
  3. On the top shelf.
  4. All these answers are correct.
  1. What two [2] steps should be taken before manually lifting and moving objects?
1      Maintain a grip
2      Lift smoothly and keep close to the load
  1. What are WHS/OHS symbols?
There are symbols of workplace health and safety such as

1) Prohibition signs

2) Warning signs
3) Fire signs
4) Emergency signs
  1. Name the following WHS/OHS workplace signs.
Carry out foot protection Action or Activity not permitted Location of first aid
Location of fire safety Location for emergency eye wash Warning sign

True False question. Select the correct answer.

  1. Inspect your tools for cracks, broken parts, or other dangerous conditions before you use them. Never use broken or damaged tools.
ü☐True or ☐False
  1. What precautions should be taken when using compressed air?
There are different precautions that must be taken using compressed air such as

1) Do not take utilization cloth to clean

2) Follow pressure rating

3) Check condition of hoses before using

4) Always use PPE kit

  1. What safety precautions relate to portable power tools?

There are different safety precautions related to portable power tools such as

1) Never take use of a tool by the hose

2) Keep hoses and cords away from the heat

3) Keep sharp and oil away from heat

4) Do not take utilization of disconnect tools

  1. Before using a machine, what general check should be carried out?

These terms must be checked before using machine such as

1) Condition of electric cable

2) Condition of power tools

3) Testing of different brakes

4) Check condition of lights on machinery

Multiple Choice question. Select the correct answer.

  1. Maintenance on faulty electrical tools should be carried out by:
  1. Qualified automotive mechanic.
  2. A qualified automotive electrician.
  3. A qualified electrician.

True False question. Select the correct answer.

  1. Lockout/tagout is an umbrella term that describes a set of safety practices and procedures that are intended to reduce the risk of technicians inadvertently using tools, equipment or materials that have been determined to be unsafe or potentially unsafe or that are in the process of being serviced.
☐True or ☐False
  1. What information should be written on a tagout that is affixedon a clear and unavoidable label to faulty equipment?

It must include

1) Name of specific machine

2) Name of specific equipment

3) Name of isolation process

4) Residual energy sources

  1. The hazards of working in or around vehicle service pits can include?
There could be possible hazards such as

1) Slips down or up

2) Injuries related to head

3) Asphyxiation that could be occurred poor ventilation

  1. Why are the jacking points of a vehicle important?

Jacking points play a vital role for the safety of vehicles. It engages in the vehicle designed for the safely lift in the vehicles. There is four points in vehicles most importantly.

  1. Why must jack stands be used?

Jack stands must be utilized to prevent from being crushed by a tonne of falling car. It would lead to serious injury when jack stands are not utilized.

  1. When raising a vehicle on a hoist, how should it be positioned?

When a vehicle when raised on a hoist then it should be raised to 6 inches off the floor

  1. If the vehicle was not position correctly, what situation can this create?
At a time when vehicle is not position correctly, it could lead to heavy traffic on road that will result in more number of accidents. It becomes hard for the opposite side vehicles. Vehicles must be positioned at the correct place.

Multiple Choice question. Select the correct answer.

  1. When using lifting equipment, what does SWL stand for?
  1. Safe weight lift.
  2. Safe working load.
  3. Safe working limit.
  4. Secure working load.

Fill in the Gaps

  1. There are many hazards that must be observed whist working with a vehicle with a running engine.Select the missing word from the following associated hazards.

Choice of words: coolant, ignition, shocks, moving, fire and exhaust.

Exhaust gas, engine Movingparts such as fans, belts and pulleys, hot engine Coolant hot engine Exhaustmanifolds, electrical Shock from the high voltage ignitionsystem, risk of Firefrom petrol and LPG leaks.

True False question. Select the correct answer.

  1. The exhaust manifolds and the other parts of the exhaust system reach high temperatures. To prevent burns, the engine and associated parts should be allowed to cool before working on them.
☐True or ☐False
  1. State the safety precaution that should be observed when working around electronic-type ignition systems?
The safety precautions are given below:
1. Wear safety glasses approved by OSHA while working on the system of ignition.
2. Always utilize the correct equipment while working on a computerized and electronic system of ignition.

3. While testing the system of ignition, follow the procedure of service and diagnosis suggested by the manufacturer (Grondzik& Kwok, 2019).

  1. Rings, necklaces, bracelets and watches should not be worn while working around high current wiring systems. Why?
Watches, bracelets, necklaces and rings must not be worn when working around high current systems of wiring as metals mainly conduct electricity, and the charge of electricity through the metal watches or rings could be very hazardous. It could also result in severe injuries or burns (Grondzik& Kwok, 2019).
  1. What are the dangers of using electrical equipment in wet conditions?
The danger of utilizing electrical equipment in mainly wet conditions is that it could lead to severe electrical shocks. As water is the excessive conductor of electricity, permitting current for flowing more smoothly in wet conditions and also through particular wet skin. The impact of the electric shock might range from a minor tingle to mainly severe injuries or burns to also cardiac arrest.
  1. Why should special care be taken when working with batteries?
Special care should be taken while working with the batteries as lead-acid batteries mainly comprise oxygen-hydrogen gases that could be fiery and also sulfuric acid that could particularly cause very severe injuries or burns.
  1. Why are petrol spills and leaks dangerous around vehicles?

Petrol leaks or spills are dangerous around vehicles as the gas leak could cause a fire or explosion if the gasoline or vapours come into significant contact with the source of heat. This source of heat could be something easy as a little spark (Schlatter, 2015).

  1. Workshop carrying out repairs on LPG fitted vehicles require adequate ventilation. Why?
Workshops that carry out the repairs on fitted vehicles with LPG need sufficient ventilation as when the leak happens in the cylinder of LPG, pipe and valve connection, accidents such as gas explosion and poisoning could be minimized or prevented if the particular cylinder is safely kept and stored in better condition (Schlatter, 2015).


  1. Diesel fuel contains many impurities, including active microscopic organisms that can be highly infectious. What should you do if diesel fuel happens to get on an open cut or sore?
If the fuel of diesel happens for getting on an open sore or cut, one must rinse and wash it off. One could wash it mainly with antiseptic or disinfected water or solution. Also, seek the advice of the doctor and also keep the particular wound effectively clean

Multiple Choice question. Select the correct answer.

  1. Diesel Injectors can operate at pressures up to________, producing high voltages. Precautions must be taken to ensure that the work environment is kept safe.
  1. 3000 bar.
  2. 300 MPa.
  3. 44 000 psi.
  4. All these answers are correct.

Multiple Choice question. Select the correct answer.

  1. When working on hybrid or electric vehicles, what colour the ‘high voltage cables.
  1. Yellow.
  2. Red.
  3. Orange.
  4. All these answers are correct.
  1. How long must you wait before carrying out repairs to hybrid or electric vehicles after disconnecting the batteries or removing the fuse?
We should wait 10 minutes before mainly carrying out specific repairs to electric or hybrid vehicles mainly after disconnecting all batteries or excluding the fuse.


  1. Frequent and prolonged contact with used engine oil may cause?
Prolonged and frequent contact with utilized engine oil might cause dermatitis and some other disorders of the skin, involving skin cancer.

Multiple Choice question. Select the correct answer.

  1. Brake fluid and coolant can both:
  1. Be interchanged.
  2. Overheat easily.
  3. Damage paintwork.
  4. Become sticky when aged.

Multiple Choice question. Select the correct answer.

  1. Spilt brake fluid should be removed by:
  1. Washing the area with coolant.
  2. Washing off with a large amount of water.
  3. Wiping quickly with clean rags.
  4. Allowing to dry and peeling away residue.
  1. Why should brake dust not be blown from brake or clutch components?
Because brake dust may contain the dust that has asbestos fibres that can easily reach the engine.
  1. How should dangerous or hazardouschemical products be stored?
The chemical or dangerous chemical should be stored in the original packing with the seal pack of the original packing.
  1. Dangerous or hazardous chemicals should have a label attached to it, and the label should contain what information?
The dangerous chemicals should be labelled properly with the appropriate warning sign on the labels and also there is a sign of the dangerous level mentioned with the cause of the proper harm by the chemical.
  1. Cleaning solvents are not as volatile as petrol, but still as flammable. How should they be stored?

Cleaning solvents that are needed for the proper handle must be carefully stored in the proper packing of the solvent so that it cannot catch fire (Wang et al., 2015).

  1. What is an SDS?
The SDS is a Safety Data Sheet that includes all the chemical properties with the physical and environmental health hazards, including the protective measures
  1. State four (4) items of important information that can be found on an SDS.
name of the manufacturer

2. Hazards

3. Handling and measures

4. Information on component



  1. What are the classes of fires?
There are 5 classes of fire

Class A – the fire that involves solid material

Class B- the fire that involves flammable liquid

Class C- fire involves gases.

Class D- fire involves metals.

Class E- fire involves electrical equipment  (Reszka& Fuentes2015).



Multiple Choice question. Select the correct answer.

  1. What type of extinguisher should be used on an electrical fire?
  1. Dry powder or CO2.
  2. Wet Chemical.
  1. When would a foam-type extinguisher be used?

Foam type extinguisher is utilized for fires including flammable solids and flammable liquids.

Multiple Choice question. Select the correct answer.

  1. P-A-S-S is the ‘password’ for using a fire extinguisher. What does it stand for?
  1. Pull, aim, squeeze and sweep.
  2. Aim, pull, squeeze and sweep.
  3. Squeeze, pull, aim and sweep.
  4. Pull, aim, sweep and squeeze.
  1. What sound do the following safety alarms make?

Emergency Alert Sound:

It rings when any emergency occurred it is loud in voice

Evacuation Alert Sound:

It rings like a slow whoop.


Cunningham, T. R., Sinclair, R., & Schulte, P. (2014). Better understanding the small business construct to advance research on delivering workplace health and safety. Small Enterprise Research21(2), 148-160.

Grondzik, W. T., & Kwok, A. G. (2019). Mechanical and electrical equipment for buildings.John wiley& sons.

Hilgert, J. (2012). The future of workplace health and safety as a fundamental human right. Comp. Lab. L. & Pol’y J.34, 715.

Lavery, L. A., Davis, K. E., Berriman, S. J., Braun, L., Nichols, A., Kim, P. J., … & Attinger, C. (2016). WHS guidelines update: diabetic foot ulcer treatment guidelines. Wound repair and regeneration: official publication of the Wound Healing Society [and] the European Tissue Repair Society24(1), 112-126.

Reszka, P., & Fuentes, A. (2015). The great Valparaiso fire and fire safety management in Chile. Fire Technology51(4), 753-758.

Schlatter, S. (2015). Experimental and numerical characterization of enhanced ignition systems for large bore gas engines (Doctoral dissertation, ETH Zurich).

Wang, S. H., Wang, W. C., Wang, K. C., & Shih, S. Y. (2015). Applying building information modeling to support fire safety management. Automation in construction59, 158-167.

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