Skip to content

DPEFPE619 Apply the Fundamentals of Professional Engineering Practice

Student full name:

I certify that the attached assessment is my own work and that any material drawn from other sources has been acknowledged.

Copyright in assessments remains my property, however  I grant permission to the Engineering Institute of Technology (EIT) to make copies of assessments for assessment, review and/or record keeping purposes.

I note that the EIT reserves the right to check my assessment for plagiarism.

Should the reproduction of all or part of an assessment be required by the EIT for any purpose other than those mentioned above, appropriate authorisation will be sought from me on the relevant form.

Please place a tick (R) in the box below to indicate that you have read, understood, and certify the above statement.

Please include this page in/with your submission.

Any electronic responses to this submission will be sent to your Moodle account.

                AGREEMENT                        DATE:

Achieved / To be Achieved:
Assessor: Date:
Overall feedback:

Guidelines for Students

How is this unit assessed?

After completion of this assessment, you will be given a result of ‘Achieved’ or ‘To be Achieved’. The assessor will give you feedback via Moodle and you will have an opportunity to submit additional evidence if you have received a ‘To be Achieved’ result.

You will be allowed one (1) opportunity to resubmit the same assessment task, if required.

Once all assessment tasks for this unit have been completed, you will be given a final unit result of ‘Competent’ or ‘Not Yet Competent’. If you are deemed ‘Not Yet Competent’ in a unit after all resubmission attempts, you will be required to re-sit the unit.

How is this assessment task assessed?

For a result of ‘Achieved’ in this assessment, all unit elements (as indicated on page 4) must be completed  to a satisfactory standard.

At Advanced Diploma level a ‘satisfactory’ standard, as stipulated by the Australian Qualifications Framework, means that you will demonstrate the application of knowledge and skills:

  • with depth in areas of specialisation, in contexts subject to change
  • with initiative and judgment in planning, design, technical or management functions with some direction
  • to adapt a range of fundamental principles and complex techniques to known and unknown situations
  • across a broad range of technical or management functions with accountability for personal outputs
  • personal and team outcomes within broad parameters

Assessors also make decisions based on the following considerations:

  • all parts of this assessment have been completed to a standard that satisfactorily meets the requirements set out in the assessment criteria (as per the unit outline).
  • the assessment evidence provided is the student’s own work, except as appropriately acknowledged by the use of referencing.
  • the evidence is recent and the student’s knowledge is up-to-date.

Assessment Instructions:

  1. You must answer ALL questions.
  2. Please ensure you complete your answers in a blue font (not red or black).
  3. The best marks can be earned by giving concise, brief answers that address the questions.
  4. You must reference all content used from other sources including course materials, slides, diagrams, etc. Do not directly copy and paste from course materials or any other resources.
    Refer to the referencing section of the EIT eLibrary on Moodle for referencing guides.
  5. Use this document for completing your answers by typing the answers after each question without deleting the question. Make sure that you preserve the original question number format.
  6. Do not add extra pictures, etc. as annexures; instead, paste them directly into this answer sheet. Hand-drawn sketches can be inserted after scanning but please ensure that the file size does not become big (more than 10 MB). You must refer to all diagrams and pictures, etc. that you have drawn or pasted in.
  7. When saving your document (must be Word format), ensure you include your name in the title: COURSECODE_MODULE#_ASSESSMENTTYPE_VERSION#_YOURNAME

E.g. DPEFPE619_WrittenAssessment_v1.1_JohnSmith

Unit no. and name: DPEFPE619: Apply the Fundamentals of Professional Engineering Practice
Assessment type: Written Assessment

Elements covered in this assessment:

Element 1: [Utilise self-management techniques]

Element 2: [Address key project management issues]

Element 3: [Communicate in a technical environment]

Element 4: [Determine professional and global requirements for engineers]

Element 5: [Apply the basics of project finance]

Element 6: [Identify workplace health and safety-related issues]

Q1 Explain how you would develop your schedule for a week ahead by reserving time for four types of activities (Important, Urgent), (Important, Not Urgent), (Not Important, Urgent), (Not Important, Not Urgent)
A1 Student answer:

Time Management Matrix
  Urgent Not Urgent
Important ●       Medical emergencies

●       Pressing problems

●       Last-minute preparations in regard to scheduled activities

●       Crisis

●       Deadline-oriented projects

●       Planning or preparation

●       Exercise

●       Prevention

●       True relaxation

●       Clarification of values

●       Building relationship

Not Important ●       Interruption

●       Some meetings

●       People’s other urgencies

●       Many popular activities

●       Reports and mail

●       Junk mail

●       Trivia , busywork

●       Forget activities

●       Some mobile mail or messages

●       Viewing irrelevant TV shows

Table 1: Time scheduled matrix representation

The above table shows planning of as scheduled work for a week where different types of activities have been shown clearly.

F1 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved

Assume that you are in the market for a luxury German car, and that you have completed the following table. Perform a decision analysis by means of an Excel spreadsheet.

For each column, rate the cars as follows:

·         3 = most desirable

·         1 = least desirable

·         The numbers given for ‘looks’ are subjective and totally arbitrary

The weighting for the columns are as follows:

·         Power (4)

·         Price (5)

·         Top Speed (2)

·         Looks (3)

Model Power Price Top Speed Looks
MBenz C300 271 HP $60,905 215 km/h 8
Audi A4 272 HP $54,275 219 km/h 9
BMW 320i 258 HP $47,645 254 km/h 10

a)      Provide the completed spreadsheet in the space below.

b)      State your final decision.

A2 Student answer:


Figure 1: Decision analysis in spreadsheet

The above figure shows the spreadsheet analysis of the market of a luxury German car where looks columns provide the rating of the car which is subjective and arbitrary. It provides the overall performance analysis in the German car market.


The final decision has been provided in terms of the results of market analysis of the German car. Here, it can be observed that BMW is the most desirable car as it rates 3 in terms of its performance in the market and speed. However, in terms of power Audi performs better than that of other cars in the market as per the analysis in the table. Whereas, the cost of the MBenz is more than that of other cars. So, it observes that critical market analysis shows the result as per several parameters of the car.

F2 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q3 a)      What are the different steps to follow in a formal decision-making process?

b)      Describe the process of stakeholder analysis by commenting on Power/Interest Grid.

A3 Student answer:


This section provides the different steps to follow the representation to make a formal decision-making process. It includes the process in the following way:

Firstly, identifying the decision.

Secondly, collecting relevant information

Thirdly, identifying the alternatives

Fourthly, weigh regarding evidence

After that, choosing in between available alternatives

Thereafter, action has been taken and

Finally, reviewing the decision and also representing its consequences.


This section of this study provides the process of stakeholder analysis in the following way:

Firstly, need to perform listing stakeholders where relevant information have been available regarding existing stakeholders.

Secondly, mapping stakeholders where viewpoints have been represented

Thirdly, to provide a ranking against stakeholders to influence them and

Finally, stakeholders need to be categorized to develop a grouping in this process.

F3 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q4 In your own words describe the difference between a leader and a manager.
A4 Student answer:


Finally, stakeholders need to be categorized to develop a grouping in this process.


This section has been provided a description regarding the differentiation between leaders and managers by using the following table.

Leaders Managers
Leaders can be defined as vision oriented and think regarding the future. Managers can be described as process oriented who see how an organization performs.
Leaders try to protect their respective staff in every time. Managers try to protect themselves in every time.
Leaders try to solve every conflicts and problems through a positive approach. Every time managers try to avoid involvement in any conflicts.
Leaders trust in their corresponding staff every time and vice versa. Managers are unclear regarding trust.

Table 2: Difference between leader and manager

F4 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q5 Describe the concept of situational leadership.
A5 Student answer:

The concept of situational leadership defines a specific leadership style by which leaders adapt regarding their style in terms of leading the organization and also in terms of the current environmental situation.  Furthermore, some features of situational leadership style that contains supporting, coaching, delegating and directing. It helps to develop organizational behavior within the organization.

F5 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q6 Define the different elements of ISO 31000 standard?
A6 Student answer:

According to the

1.      Executive “sponsorship” is very fundamental

2.      Consider risks of decisions of business

3.      Highlight proper implementation

4.      “Risk management is not one-size-fits-all”

5.      Be proactive

6.      Standardization of vocabulary

7.      Implementation of the best information

8.     Evaluate success

F6 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q7 Refer to the following risk matrix below:

Identify four (4) risks associated with driving a car. Relate these risks to the matrix by placing the cell number next to each risk in. Use the format (X, Y) i.e. (Consequence, Likelihood) where X and Y have values ranging from 1 to 5. Alternatively, you may create your own Excel spreadsheet and enter the risks directly into it.

A7 Student answer:

Risk  Consequence (c) Likelihood (l) Probability (c*l)
Inexperience 5 5 (5*5) = 25 (high)
Drunk driving 4 4 (4*4) = 16 (moderate)
Night driving 3 4 (3*4) = 12 (moderate)
High-speed 5 5 (5*5) = 25 (high)


F7 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q8 Explain how to become an assertive communicator. For each point give an example.
A8 Student answer:

There are various ways to become an “Assertive communicator” and it is depended on respect mutually. It can be defined as

1.      Assessing the style

It can be defined as staying in one’s own opinion rather than being silent.

2.            Using the “I”  statement

One needs to empower I in every sentence to do the respective jobs productively.

3.            Ability to say “No”

The usage of the word ‘no’ can make things easier in scenarios that need to be on point on one’s decision affirmatively.

4.                  Rehearsing the words before speaking

It makes things easier to think before saying anything in critical scenarios, harsh decisions can make one suffer.

5.                  Using body language

One of the important things is to maintain positive body language that can be one’s first impression.

6.                  Valid usage of emotions

The usage of emotions can be crucial at some point so the emotions needed to be checked in every instance.

7.                  Start small

It is easier to start small but on other hand, one can get progressive results by initializing small steps.

F8 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q9 Technical Writing

Technical writing is a specialized form of writing through which technical and professional communication is done in varied areas such as technical, engineering, or health sciences.

Goal of technical writing is to write in a style and manner such that the readers can understand complex process, concept, and technical terms in an easy way.  Technical writing is performed by a technical writer who should know how to convey technical information in the most clear and effective manner possible.

Using the text above, under the heading of ‘Design and Layout Guidelines’ create a single PowerPoint slide representing the text. Take as screenshot of your slide and paste it in the space below.

Note: Keep in mind the guidelines regarding issues such as backgrounds, fonts and number of words. Reflect the essence of what’s written in the box; not the actual words – provide a summary in your slide.

A9 Student answer:
F9 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q10 Write an email where you describe to a client a new service your organisation is providing. You may use a hypothetical organisation.
A10 Student answer:

To the Client,

I would like to address that our bank, ABC Bank, has updated loan schemes that

May benefit you. You can visit our bank regarding the loan schemes on respective working days.

The Agent

ABC Bank


F10 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q11 When writing the specifications for a system, what are the points that should be covered in order to define the system uniquely.
A11 Student answer:

There are several aspects of the systems that can be defined in simpler terms. The systems can be uniquely defined by a unique build number or IMEI number. There are various key aspects of the system that can be discussed as follows- RAM, ROM, Processor, Clock speed, SSD, HDD, Graphics card, and so on. These components of a system can be specified in order to define a system.

F11 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q12 Identify the sections of a formal technical report.
A12 Student answer:

There formal technical report consists of various points to carry out the report that can be defined as follows- Title page, abstract, TOC, introduction, literature review, design or model or simulation, theoretical and technical analysis, procedure, critical discussion, and results, conclusion, and references.

F12 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q13 Describe the difference between “circumstantial” and “self-organising” groups and give an example for each.
A13 Student answer:

Circumstantial group can be defined as a group dependent on several aspects of circumstances and on the other hand, the self-organizing group depends on the assistance of the manager. In a self-organizing group wait for the manager to provide or assign work and this scenario in the circumstantial group does concern with the management aspects.

Example: The circumstantial group can progress or carry out a designated job without any supervisory hierarchy of manager but the self-organized group has the same concern.

F13 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q14 Explain how being honest and trustworthy applies in the context of professional conduct.
A14 Student answer:

The goal is to maintain professional integrity in order to perform a healthy work-life. The same concerns can be applied to one’s work-life for being trustworthy and honest in the work environment. There are simple aspects that may lead to a healthy work-life as well as maintaining professional integrity. It can be concluded that one’s honesty can lead himself or herself to a great improvement in the workplace regarding communications and workflow of respective jobs. It can be helpful for one to maintain trust and honesty with the teammates which imply great work-life and professional dignity.

F14 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q15 Maintaining and developing knowledge and skills is an essential component of a professional conduct. Explain how this could be achieved.
A15 Student answer:

According to the knowledge of several existing documentation, developing skills and knowledge can lead one to superior success in their work-life. There are certain key aspects in academic or technical sections in various workplaces that require high skilled knowledge to proceed with the workflow otherwise one can not able to corporate with the workflow which may lead to a breakdown in the system’s front. There are several aspects of developing skills and knowledge that can lead one to develop own skill sets on the behalf of the workplace and personal skill-set also. It can be concluded that developing skills ad knowledge regarding the workflow of an individual one is the most essential component to conduct professional implementations.

F15 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved

Suppose that you are a team member in an engineering project. The project manager asks you to estimate the time needed to execute a certain task. You give an estimate of one month.

The project manager then says “I want you to write an estimate of 1 week. We need to show the client that we can finish early. Once we get the project running, we will try to figure out how to deal with the delay and how to make the client happy”.

Discuss the ethical issue here by applying the IEEE code of ethics.

A16 Student answer:

According to the “IEEE code of ethics” it can be stated that there are several criteria in order to provide a justification of the given use case scenario. It has been stated that the manager asked the employee to ensure the estimation result and misconduct the information to the clients. According to the IEEE standards, the statement of the manager totally misleads the client in order to get profit from the company aspects. The estimation needed was for one month but the estimation has been conducted for one week to ensure the client at the same time misleading them for the respective job.

F16 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q17 Identify and describe potential ethical problems in the following cases:

a)      Testing the emissions of an internal combustion engine

b)      Writing the specifications for a system to be procured

c)      Providing cost estimates to a client

d)      Receiving a gift from a supplier

A17 Student answer:

a.                  The employees may suffer from health issues. 

b.                  If the case happens that by chance the system specifications go wrong, the issue of abusing the leadership authority may occur.

c.                   The ethical issues that involve unethical accounting will arise.

The issue of Nepotism and Favoritism will arise in this case.

F17 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q18 Concisely describe each of the four (4) generic responsibilities of the Engineering Associate (social, cultural, global, and environmental).
A18 Student answer:

Social responsibility– Environmental protection and human safety.

Global responsibility- analyzing the project plans and developing product designs.

Environmental responsibility- studying the influence of humans on the environment, analyzing the environmental issues, and improving the process of conservation of the environment.

F18 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q19 Consider the four (4) generic responsibilities of the Engineering Associate (social, cultural, global, and environmental). For each responsibility give one example inspired by your own experience.
A19 Student answer:

Social responsibility- Sustainability

Global responsibility Preparing the estimates and budgets for the completion of the project.

Environmental responsibility- to maximize the use of renewable energy resources and simultaneously minimize the use of non-renewable resources.

F19 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q20 Identify and briefly discuss (one paragraph each) two (2) environmental issues that are relevant to your country of residence.
A20 Student answer:

Water pollutionIt refers to the process of contamination of the sources of water by industrial effluents, chemical pollutants, agricultural wastes, and so on. Water pollution results in the death of water animals. People living in and around may sometimes suffer from water-borne diseases.

Global warming- It refers to the overall increase in temperature of the earth. It is generally caused due to the increase in the concentration of greenhouse gases and the burning of fossil fuels. One of the most common effects of global warming is the melting of glaciers and the increase in sea levels.

F20 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q21 Describe how engineers can help reduce the problem of solid waste that is affecting every country around the world.
A21 Student answer:

Engineers can help in reducing solid waste by finding ways to use recycled materials. By doing so, they can also reduce the number of substances going into landfills.

F21 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q22 Discuss the use of bottled water compared to reverse osmosis filters from a sustainable engineering perspective. Consider the lifecycle of each.
A22 Student answer:

The bottled water contains an adequate amount of minerals as compared to normal tap water. Many natural minerals get removed in the reverse osmosis process and this contaminates the underground water before reaching the tap.

F22 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q23 Explain how optimizing the use of energy in an industrial process is a step toward sustainable engineering.
A23 Student answer:

Using sustainable energy sources does not create any carbon emissions. As a result, it will have zero contribution to global warming. Engineers must prefer the use of renewable energy resources over the use of non-renewable energy. Optimization of the use of non-renewable energy resources can thus be a stepping stone towards sustainable engineering

F23 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q24 It is known that many National standards became international standards (i.e. many IEEE standards). Give one example by indicating the original National standard and its international counterpart.
A24 Student answer:

National standards. Later on, it adapted to the use of international standards.

F24 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q25 Discuss how the use of standards impacts safety in engineering and provide examples.
A25 Student answer:

The use of standards in engineering is important to ensure that the equipment and tools used are in good working condition. The safety standard must be considered so that no employees suffer any injury while working with the machines. Besides, the loss of the company can also be prevented in terms of the breakdown of the machinery in the middle of completion of the work.

F25 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q26 It is known that National standards bodies typically simply adopt international standards and change the number with a prefix. Give one example.
A26 Student answer:

Example- it must be a desire to the government for the purpose of using a standard technical regulation which is used to support the customer for protection as well as it is a request to address a problem from the customer to evaluate the risks that are related with the adventurous actions.

F26 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved

A and B are negotiating a contract whereas A develops a system for B. Initially, A says “I can build the system you described for 500 USD”. B says “you can start the work if you can make it for 300 USD”.

If A says Ok and they shake hands to seal the agreement, what should B pay once the system is delivered?

A27 Student answer:

The answer should be 300 USD.

F27 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved

A and B signed a contract whereas A develops a system for B. The contract states the details of the system to be developed, the acceptance criteria, the schedule for delivery. But it does not state the obligations of B (in terms of payment). What is the issue with the contract?

A28 Student answer:

According to the given scenario, the contact has basic issues regarding the deliverable and that can lead major breakdown in the payment aspects as well as it can hamper the relation between A and B. There is no mention of payment criteria for client B, which may lead to the termination of the job regarding system development.

F28 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q29 Consider the following costs associated with all work packages (WP A and WP B) of a project:

WP Labor hours Type 1 Labor hours Type 2 Labor hours Type 3 Material Equipment Subcontracts Other
A 30 30 10 $500 $100 $8000 $300
B 5 20 60 $200 $1,000 $2000 $400

The rate of Labour hours Type 1 is $15.

The rate of Labour hours Type 2 is $25.

The rate of Labour hours Type 3 is $35.

Calculate the total cost of the project.

A29 Student answer:

Rate for Labor hours type 1 for wp A=(30*15)= $300

Rate for Labor hours type 2 for wp A=(30*25)=$750

Rate for Labor hours type 2 for wp A=(10*35)=$350

Rate for Labor hours type 1 for wp B=(5*15)= $75

Rate for Labor hours type 2 for wp B=(20*25)=$500

Rate for Labor hours type 2 for wp B=(60*35)=$2100

Total rate for wp A=(300+750+350+500+100+8000+300)=$10300

Total rate for wp B=(75+500+2100+200+1000+2000+400)=$6275

Total Rate for wp A and wp B=(10300+6275)=$16575

F29 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved

Consider the project of developing and installing a grid-tied photovoltaic solar system for a house. The system comprises the following:

·         PV panels for a total capacity of 10KW

·         A 20KW Inverter

·         A 10KWh Lithium-Ion battery

·         All accessories for rooftop installation

Do your research to estimate the cost of this project including installation, procurement, testing and handover. You have to cite any necessary sources (websites, papers…) that support your estimates.

A30 Student answer:

Pv panel for total capacity of 10KW=$24000

A 20KW Inverter=$4000

A 10KWh Lithium-lon battery=$1400

All rooftop installation=$300

Total cost =(24000+4000+1400+300)=$29700

Reference list -Perera, H.M.R. and Wen, H., 2019, August. Power generation and performance analysis of Bi-facial vs Mono-facial 10KW Photovoltaic power station. In 2019 18th International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN) (pp. 1-3). IEEE.

F30 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q31 In a cash flow calculation spreadsheet what is the sign (positive or negative) of each of the following:

a)      Net sales

b)      Fixed costs

c)      Depreciation

d)      Salvage value

A31 Student answer:

In a cash flow calculation spreadsheet, what is the sign (positive or negative) of each of the following:

The answer is:-b) Fixed Costs(ans.)

F31 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q32 For the following organisation, calculate the undiscounted cash flow. You can do it in Excel and paste the result below.

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5
Unit Price $105 $110 $115 $120 $125
Units Sold 900 1000 1100 1200 1300
Net Sales
Variable Costs $54,000 $60,000 $66,000 $72,000 $78,000
Fixed Costs $15,000 $15,750 $16,538 $17,364 $18,233
Depreciation $13,000 $13,000 $13,000 $13,000 $13,000
Add back Depreciation  –
CapEx $100,000  –  –  –  –  –
Salvage value  –  –  –  –  – $40,000
Net cash flow
Cumulative cash flow

Place your answer (Excel) in the space below. Alternatively, do the exercise in Excel and enter the values back into the table above.

A32 Student answer:

 Tax@40%= $21,600

Net cash flow= $83,005

Cumulative Cash Flow= $28,000

F32 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q33 Consider the following project

Year (n) 0 1 2 3 4
Undiscounted cash flow -$600,000 $200,000 $200,000 $200,000 $200,000

Calculate the discounted cash flow at a discount rate of 11%.

A33 Student answer:

Formula of the Discounted cash flow or DCF is=

After inserting all the values in the above-mentioned equation, the answer is=$201801.80(ans)

F33 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q34 If you start with $100 and you invest them in a project with an interest rate of 15%. What will be the compounded value of the money after 5 years?
A34 Student answer:

If I start with $ 100 and then spend the money on a project the rate of interest is equal to 15%.

So, In 5 years, I will have = 100(1+(15/100))^5=$201.14(ans.)

F34 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q35 Consider the following project

Year (n) 0 1 2 3 4
Undiscounted cash flow -$600,000 $200,000 $200,000 $200,000 $200,000

Calculate the Net Present Value at a discount rate of 11%.

A35 Student answer:

Formula of the net present value is

After inserting all the values in the above-mentioned equation, the answer is=$481310(ans)

F35 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved
Q36 Consider the following project

Year (n) 0 1 2 3 4
Undiscounted cash flow -$600,000 $200,000 $200,000 $200,000 $200,000

Calculate the Internal Rate of Return.

A36 Student answer:

the Internal Rate of Return

After inserting all the values in the above-mentioned equation, the answer is=537.207%(ans)

F36 Assessor feedback: Achieved
To be achieved

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *