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Executive Summary

In this report, we have discussed the importance of leadership skills in the Australian Board, they are searching for the new Captain and they are searching for an appropriate leadership style in their New Captain also included in its skills three important theories of the Leadership and always ready to support their team in the situation and also work in a proper team and achieve the combined target of the team and also ready to serve for their country.


The role of a Leader in any organization is very important and the same for the Australian Cricket Association also because the Leaders after the ball-tampering scandal, the Australian Cricket Board is confusing to select the appropriate captain for the Australian team because Steve Smith was banned, they needed a new captain which leads the team from the front and also fulfills the gap which was not present due to absence of David Warner and Steve Smith. The Leader is very important because it is those people who communicate and interact with the team to work in a group and fulfill the policies and help to achieve the roles of every team member and work on plans to subordinate to start the work properly. Throughout sports, an athlete leader is defined as an individual who has an official or casual leadership location inside one squad which affects other participants in the achievement of shared goals. As a result, the site of the sports leader was imperative in accomplishing its determination. Furthermore, a successful leader owns the propensity to hold all competitors attentive in a shared area. A sturdy leader who principals in opposite could have a variability of belongings just on the entire squad. He can motivate and surge the team’s self-assurance levels.


With the help of proper strategies and proper plans, the Leader achieves the target on time and always motivates their team, and is always ready to lead the team from the front and fulfill the desire of the team. A group is brought together like a leader who has a similar goal. They assist decrease ambiguity, impact and concentrate user focus but also production, give positive leadership behaviors and rules, and reinforce the experience and provide direction, transparency, participation, & purpose to all parties involved. Psychological qualities including such extroversion-introversion, monitoring, trying to think, and judging-perceiving may assist enlighten that woman’s inherent character. Also, with great man’s ideas of leadership in the twentieth century, this was thought that leaders are blessed with particular psychological attributes that make them respectable. This research shows that group efficiency overall goal achievement is linked to the leader’s management style, which has a major impact on employee behavior. This motivates them to work harder to work and see its leadership as effective. Personal attributes that discriminate against good leaders are denoted as control personalities (Deshwal & Ali, 2020).

The volume of an individual or corporation to help assess, teams, or administrations is mentioned as leadership. According to top the aims of either a firm as well as the market, working more towards the achievement of the goals. Although integrity, sincerity, and sincerity are all valuable leadership attributes, leaders must also be effective in reaching their objectives. Some leaders are effective in accomplishing their dreams because they can convince, inspire, engage and urge everybody else to take their advice. Ponting constantly set clear goals for his team as well as outlined how they would attain them. He accepted responsibility for the targets that were established as well as shared those only with the public and indeed the rest of the group (Vasilescu, 2019).

Captains are familiar with their players as well as their duties because they have some strategy in place for them. Captains are familiar with the respective bowler that knows what pitches to prepare for them. For approximately a century, cricket was a vital component of Australian culture. This is extremely fixed in Australian culture & component of its collective mind (Deshwal & Ali, 2020).

Harnessing your team’s skills might be difficult, however, the most effective leaders collaborate with respective employees to get the best outcomes. Irrespective of it never ‘to-do’ list, one must keep overall momentum, remain prepared to accept chances, & create choices to reach your objectives. It’s critical to keep in mind that it’s either obvious or straightforward. Involve everyone in the strategy was utilized, but also teammates using factors that contribute towards the common objective. Keep their goals obvious throughout your whole project and get only based on a protracted approach. Make regular engagement among some of the group’s many segments (Demirtas & Karaca, 2020).

Take the essential steps and keep track of your development regularly. Concentrate on the Organizational culture. Make an extra effort in learning about the company’s culture; it will help you to figure out that use their team’s attitudes, talents, perspectives, or beliefs to reach bigger goals. Try your best to collaborate and foster a climate of mutual trust and respect. Engage your teammates and convey that you care about them as individuals. Clarify the goals’ purpose and stress-specific contribution to overall aims. To express thankfulness for outstanding work, create annual employee initiatives. Create a friendly environment that values diversity and collaboration. Encourage your team(s) to claim ownership of their objectives. Instead of exerting strong control & requiring your staff to obtain permission for every tiny task, give everyone a chance to operate independently. Encourage your employees to think creatively. Offer the flexibility so that they may make changes. Responsibilities and authorities, but set clear limits (Vasilescu, 2019).

Following were the leadership traits and characteristics are as follows:

Morality inside the leadership, Interpersonal capacity to distribute in the proper way of work inside the team, Self-awareness of the leader is needed to be applied within the organization, and Flexibility. Increasing trust is need to be applied within the organization to fulfill the desire of the organization (Demirtas & Karaca, 2020).


Some theories are needed in the new Test captains of Australia as per the requirement in its leadership style which is as follows:

1) Contingency Theory

This theory is explaining whether this is perfect as per the situation of the work. And as per the requirement of the ideas, it would be applied in every leadership style and the appropriate style of leadership is needed to include in the academic format and which provides the balancing in the behaviors and appropriate objectives as well as the circumstances (Huihui, 2018).

The Appropriate leader doesn’t have good attributes but they have always there to support its team and work in a team whenever any situation is raised. At the last, the Contingency theory plays an important role in the Australian team selecting a good leader because it would provide exceptional leadership and it shows the result of interactions of the complex at various factors (Huihui, 2018).

2) The Situational Theory

This Situational Theory is connected to the Contingency Theory because it claims that no solitary leadership style seems greater than all the alternatives. Even as the title indicates, this mindset of effective leadership is conditional here on context. In simple terms, leadership should still match its leadership to the particular scenario by examining specific elements including the sort of work, the character of members, and much more. Primarily presented by US academic Paul Hersey with leadership expert Ken Blanchard, this situational theory integrates two critical elements: the overall style of leadership as well as the supporters’ characteristics (Manyuchi & Sukdeo, 2021).

3) Behavioural Theory

This same focus of Behavioral theory seems to be on leadership’s particular traits but also deeds then instead of its attributes. As per the requirement, and good team leading doesn’t come from the talent it would need to be included with proper perfection and with hard work and during that time 3 things are necessary to include which areas technical, human, & intellectual.  Technical skills affect something like a leader’s empathy of a course or procedure; social times mention someone’s skill to participate with everyone else, and abilities relate to the leader’s asked to originate up with fresh concepts about successfully functioning its corporation or culture (Manyuchi & Sukdeo, 2021).


Australian Cricket Board is searching for the new Captain for its Test Team after the scandal of ball-tampering on the Australian Cricket Team. Board is searching for a new Leader which has various qualities and skills which is needed by the Australian team also the Leader has a leadership style and follows the three theories of the Leadership which is included Contingency Theory, The Situational Theory, Behavioural Theory is needed to present in its leadership skills also and the characteristics of leadership help the team and as well as country and also its team members also help to support each team members and always motivate them and fulfil the desire of its team. The characteristics and traits of a leader help the organization to achieve its performance and provide a good profit to the team and make the team successful and work in a proper team. The goals are also achieved with the help of a good team leader and for the Australian team, the Captain is changed but in the end, Board easily fulfills the leadership style.




DEMIRTAS, O. and KARACA, M., 2020. CHAPTER THREE ETHICAL LEADERSHIP. A Handbook of Leadership Styles, p.60.

Deshwal, V. and Ali, A., 2020. A systematic review of various leadership theories. Shanlax International Journal of Commerce, 8(1), pp.38-43.

Hai, T.N. and Van, Q.N., 2021. Servant Leadership Styles: A Theoretical Approach. Emerging Science Journal, 5(2), pp.245-256.

Huihui, T., 2018. The Implications of taylorism, contingency theory, Behavioral management theory and systems theory on organization management in the globalization era: a comparative and critical review. Human Resource Management Department of Business School.

Manyuchi, M. and Sukdeo, N., 2021. Application of the Situational Leadership Model to Achieve Effective Performance in Mining Organizations Teams. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management (pp. 412-416).

Vasilescu, M., 2019. Leadership styles and theories in an effective management activity. Annals-Economy Series, 4, pp.47-52.

MBA401 People, Culture and Contemporary Leadership


This essay explains the scenario of managers that are constraints by environments in which they manage. This topic is surrounded and are explained with the help of certain concepts and theories that depends on the environmental and organizational change that can be certainly used. Managers play a very imperative role in the organization and its environment as it does decision making process and resources and reaching the decision from different contexts and behaviors. If one mistake is made the manager , it can lead to issues in the organization as well as can bring organizational resources to the best of its use. Moreover the concept of the SARFIT that can be explained as Structural adjustment to regain fit is a concept that shows that any structural design became misaligned with contingencies that are very hard in terms of dealing with the consequences. The author has a written a concept that shows that the organizational design that are not aligned properly with certain contingencies that have certain changes in the structural changes for regaining the structure and fit that causes the changes that are necessary. This approach is SARFIT model (Manzoor, 2012).

Manager and their constraints as per SARFIT model

The managers play a very imperative role in terms of the operations and the organization. The theories and the concepts show that the environment has a huge role in the on the decision-making process and the alignments of the operations.

Decision making is done by the managers with proper quality that has the impact that has a quite significant impact that shows the efficiency of the stakeholders of the organization. The top management team and its members take decisions regularly that affect the organizational future as well as the future of the stakeholders and helps in decision and pursuing any new decision and product line. The environment in which the manager prevails constantly affect the company. The managerial constraint can be seen as a central theme in terms of the research related to the strategic management (Cameron&Whetten, 2013).

A constant can be explained as a system of the limits that helps in achieving the performance in terms of higher goals and relative perspective. Constant management is very imperative in terms of helping the managers of the organization on all levels. It helps in ensuring and maintaining proper focus on the factors that are very critical for the system as well as its constraints. The efforts of the constant management can help in resolving the extremely negative effects of the organization in terms of abilities for funding the entire transition and leaning the substances increase in terms of the organizational output and performance. The system of identifying as well as exploiting the company and its resources is known as constraints Management. This consist of the manufacturing and policy standards that helps in clearing of the Expectations regarding the performance as well as the productivity of the individuals. It helps in managing the companies’ essential policies and procedures that have a comparative contingency approach in terms of the organizational structure that can be seen criticize and static inheritance. There is certain theory related to the structural change that help in maintaining the structure and strategy. When a manager operates in anorganization and managers certain operational three or three faces a lot of issues and problems that can be seen in analysis of the changes. The Adjustment of the structure that’s frequently an alternatively matches The Adjustment of the structure and the contingency that are Bond out. The theory that prevails in the structural change can be known as strategic choice and contingency determinism that is complete formulation of advance adjustment and regaining fit (Mahmood, et al., 2012).

The organization certainly concentrates upon a specific range of product data specifically organized in a market in terms of functions such as production sales and Finance. The organization diversified into certain aimed Markets and that is very imperative in terms of changing the circumstances. In many circumstances the forms attempt to make structural adjustments for beginning the fit. There are many situations that arise in front of a managers in terms of the management and they opt for structural change because some situations need different changes and fits that are very important to increase the productivity and efficiency in regards of the operations of the company. Every manager changes its situations and structure of company for regaining its fit in terms of the operations but some of the manager’s get impacted by the operations and the structure as the internal environment and the factors of the environment play a very huge role in terms of the operations for outsourcing the design as well as creativity agency in terms of the position of the organization and its size. For readjusting the structure as well as its contingency that can be seen as being obliged for the competitive freshers to handle for increasing the capabilities of managers as well as the employees of the company (Basol&Deerling, 2014).

The SARFIT model Dynamic nature and observations as well as confidence that on structure revilement to the contingency Instead of structure of the contingency.

The contingency theory provides manager means of methods to react to this and also provide some important discussion in their making of the decisions. The owners of the business execute the theory of contingency should permit their managers to override or bend the policy when the situation demands for them. The managers could reply to the issues of the individual issues or problems instead of overreacting to the issue itself. Instead of concentrating on the outcomes of the issues and the managers who knows the contingency theory important to know all of the impact that led to the issues. Like for example a warehouse manager deal by the issues of lack of efficiency because it connected to loading and unloading of the products that might look near and it also realize that decreasing proper ventilation is happening in the workers of warehouse. Then the manager simply gives some motivation theories as the automatic replies to the problems of the productivity.

The story gives a huge sub structure for the Design of organization. There are many major challenges for this as well. Constituency is also known as static. The formulation of SARFIT Of structural adaptions by the Cartesian method to set, Organizational theory changes. It is very difficult to become the opportunities for the development theory, in new methods of hetero-performance and quasi-fit. The organizational structure continent security is also known as obsolete as of new forms of organization but this also lacks the credibility. The organizational structure rival theory is the institutional theory but it is also problematic (Mcgrath&Bates, 2017).

Management ideas and suggestions election that suggest various rules for how to control the business organisation. The management theories locate out the supervisors execute the strategy is to obtain the goals and objectives of organisation and how they inspire the employs perform at their maximum capabilities that they have. Leaders apply methods from various theories of the management that appropriate for the culture of the company and for the employs as well. Many theories of the management were made and they still give many advantages sub-structures for the leading teams in the organisation as well as working businesses today.

The manager tried to hire a greater number of employees were increasing the capabilities. Outsourcing the design from different Agencies consists of a logic that if the structure is less bureaucratic then it increases the interdependency of the organisation when it comes to relying on the external agency MS operations. The size of the variable contract state fixed in terms of employing the contractual options that are available for alternative Outsourcing. Changing in the contingency for moving towards a new market in terms of the operations and performance is very essential for the structural adjustment and regaining the fit of a new cycle that masses the contingency is. The error and trial are the components of this process (Basol&Deerling, 2014). The company needs additional changes for designing to sale in terms of managerial contact. It is managers to choose what is needed to be done and what does not need to be done. They overall analyses the requirement as well as the internal factor of that affect the company so that it indicates the content ages for contributing A grade deal towards theory of the operations and the design get linked with the performance so it’s certainly affected managers and their efficiency and productivity. Managers get highly affected by the internal constraints of the company and the factors because some of the situations that can arise in the company can highly affect the company and its environment (Huczynski, et al., 2013).Bureaucratic Management theory concentrate on organisation in a transparent rule of the government. Their principles or making these systems that involves a command chain, Transparent labor division, organizationalhonor assets, separation of personal as well as strict and consistent regulations.


Decision making is done by the managers with proper quality that has the impact that has a quite significant impact that shows the efficiency of the stakeholders of the organization.SARFIT model Dynamic nature and observations as well as confidence that on structure revilement to the contingency Instead of structure of the contingency.The company needs additional changes for designing to sale in terms of managerial contact.





Basol, E. and Dogerlioglu, O., 2014. Structural determinants of organizational effectiveness. Journal of Organizational Management Studies2014, p.1.

Cameron, K.S. and Whetten, D.A. eds., 2013. Organizational effectiveness: A comparison of multiple models. Academic Press.

Huczynski, A., Buchanan, D.A. and Huczynski, A.A., 2013. Organizational behaviour (p. 82). London: Pearson.

Mahmood, Z., Basharat, M. and Bashir, Z., 2012. Review of classical management theories. International journal of social sciences & education2(1).

Manzoor, Q.A., 2012. Impact of employees motivation on organizational effectiveness. Business management and strategy3(1), pp.1-12.

Mcgrath, J. and Bates, B., 2017. The Little Book of Big Management Theories:… and how to use them. Pearson UK.