Global water shortage debate
Topic- Can the global community successfully confront the global water shortage?
In the article, the author summarizes water as a human right and common public and environmental goals as well. It is often opposed by the water view as the commodity which needs to be priced to make sure water is used effectively and in a sustainable manner. It also summarizes that there are millions of people throughout the planet who needs suitable induction to one of the important parts of life which are clean water.
I disagree with the author on this issue. According to me, the global water shortage cannot be confronted successfully by the global community, but I believe they can reduce the outcomes of water crises. Adopting the 2018 UN World Water Development strategy to find nature-based solutions will be one of the best solutions for the rising and upcoming water crises. Some answers will be provided by the NBS to minimize the damages which can occur from the degradation of the ecosystem, increase, and development of water supply management, among the population water quality, can be increased. At a higher way, there is an increase in global warming. With the increase in the emission of carbon, the water is being polluted. The freshwater volumes are decreasing and only a few columns are left when the freshwater is polluted it is very difficult to get the freshwater (Ungureanu, et al., 2020).
Below are my 3 arguments to disagree with the author are-
1) Awareness of the people
The beginning stage is only for the socially aware and educated. Although there will be a more skilled effect when the general society joins the center which motivates the individual to save the water. The people of the country can be educated about the change in consumption and lifestyle. It is very important to make people aware of the decreasing freshwater volumes. Now a day’s shortage of freshwater is a crucial issue, to get clean water even though many rich people are using various filters and poor people are getting unclear water to drink. Due to the shortage of water people are facing various issues like the destruction of habits, migration waves, and loss of biodiversity (Voicu, et al., 2020).
They can be made aware of the various solution for managing water scarcity like-
1) Special tanks can be stored for saving the rainwater for irrigation.
2) For more efficient watering drip irrigation can be used.
As per the report, various factors have been highlighted in the article which can lead to water crises. In the article looming water crises are highlighted from the 6 interconnected contexts:
- Scarcity of water and insecurity
- Disasters that are related to waters
- Sanitation and health crises
- Water infrastructure deterioration and destruction
- In sustainable development
- Degradation of ecosystem
But there are various reasons which can lead to water crises in a specific area (Wada, et al., 2018).
2) To do agriculture in scientific ways
For taking the water management issues it also shows the various measures. There will be effective management which means tackling the issues which are neglected like wastage of water in the present system but this particular situation is not the solution for all the issues.
As per the viewpoint of farmers smart farming can be adopted to save water. In smart farming techniques, water is used effectually and there is also no wastage of water. There are several ways which can be used by farmers using herbicide-tolerant crops and herbicides. These techniques do not allow for no-farming so it does need soil to be turned over and moisture can be retained. With the help of no-till farming, soil moisture can be increased by the farmers (Rosa, et al., 2020).
Recently China has become the world trailblazer in respect of bioengineering which makes them more solid and helpful. According to the viewpoint of farmers, smart farming must be the outfit of the farmers with the addition of better and unique maltreatment chiefs and exercises.
Information system of management- for the solid events planned structures, getting prepared and taking care off and in the construction aspect scattering the data to take proper care of assignments of farms and limits (Greve, et al., 2018).
3) Around the world role of management institutions and policy maker’s role
One more measure which is provided in the article by the author by facing these issues is a congestive and intelligent way will water will continue to support the life, biodiversity, and development of our future and children as well. But according to me, this is correct and useful for developing countries they are not having resources. Better policies and regulations can be developed and enacted to save water. It is not only the responsibility of the global community and they only also cannot confront the shortage of water (Dell’Angelo, et al., 2020).
Government bodies need to redefine the roles. To ensure more protection government can expand the clean water act. Distribution infrastructure systems can also be improved to save water. Due to poor infrastructure, the economy and health are affected. It adds costs, wastes resources, quality of life is diminished and it also allows the preventable water-bones diseases to spread among the populations which are vulnerable, mainly children. To the developing world, the issue is not confined. On the regular basis,with the burst of pipes in the US, boil alerts are promoted (Kellner, 2021).
I have concluded that the crises of water are a global issue and it can be only talked about when each country will be known that they minimize the use of available resources which they have. It is the only responsibility of the global community. If we need to save water then everyone must do a little effort to save water. It is important to protect the investment in the water-related infrastructure from stress and shocks. Many ways can be adopted to save water like rainwater harvesting, wastewater can be recycled, and rainwater harvesting. These are some of the ways to save water. More awareness can be spread about the ways to save water. Last, again I want to say that the water shortage cannot be successfully confronted by the global community, they can minimize its effect but they can not resolve it fully (Kellner, 2021).
Greve, P., Kahil, T., Mochizuki, J., Schinko, T., Satoh, Y., Burek, P., … & Wada, Y. (2018). Global assessment of water challenges under uncertainty in water scarcity projections. Nature Sustainability, 1(9), 486-494.https://sci-hub.hkvisa.net/10.1038/s41893-018-0134-9
Kellner, E. (2021). The controversial debate on the role of water reservoirs in reducing water scarcity. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Water, 8(3), e1514.https://wires.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/wat2.1514
Rosa, L., Chiarelli, D. D., Rulli, M. C., Dell’Angelo, J., & D’Odorico, P. (2020). Global agricultural economic water scarcity. Science Advances, 6(18), eaaz6031.https://sci-hub.hkvisa.net/10.1126/sciadv.aaz6031
Ungureanu, N., Vlăduț, V., & Voicu, G. (2020). Water scarcity and wastewater reuse in crop irrigation. Sustainability, 12(21), 9055.https://sci-hub.hkvisa.net/10.3390/su12219055