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In this presentation, there is a argument on the profits of planning in tourism improvement. Tourism is one of the best ways of the generation of income from tourism. It helps in increasing the economy of the host country. There are several things which are including in this to attract new and existing customers for the enhancement of the economy of the nation. This discussion is based on the Qatar Tourism Authority, which is situated in Qatar. In this report a discussion on the profits of tourism development in Qatar. This authority is organizing different sports events in the country to attract tourists in the country so that there is the improvement of the economy of the country. There is a development of different private as well as public sector organizations. 

Task 1

Tourism is one of the best way of generation of income from tourist. It helps in increasing the economy of the host country. There are several things which are including in this to attract new and existing customer. This discussion is based on Qatar Tourism Authority which is situated in Qatar. 

The above-presented slide has explained the rationale for tourism planning in Qatar. It is significant to implement tourism planning to manage the different sports events and business events in a proper manner. Clashes in the sports and business event can be resolved by the proper tourism planning. 

This presentation slide has explained the distinct stake sharer involved in the tourism industry of Qatar, which can be profited by the travel planning in Qatar. In this, there is a discussion on the maintainable expansion of the country with respect to the overall development of the economy. In this, the discussion is on the needs and requirement of natural resources without compromising as there are limited resources and their optimum use is needed so that this will also be available for future generations.

Benefits for private organisations by tourism planning in Qatar is given below –

Adjustment in supplies according to demands – Private hospitality organisation can adjust supplies by analysing demands by proper planning in the tourism industry. 

Higher profit & revenues – This is a direct benefit for the private hospitality organisations of Qatar. 

Increase in a number of customers – International tourist comes in Qatar for business events and sports tournament which provides an opportunity to increase the number of customers. 

Higher customer satisfaction ratings – Proper planning is help to enhance customer satisfaction rating by its satisfied customers from planning. 

Improved risk management – Planning in Qatar tourism helps to private organisations to analyse threats and manage them for the future. 

The above slide contains different benefits for the Qatar government by scheduling in the tourism industry. The national government can manage the balance in tourism development and nature in Qatar. The economic growth of the country can be improved by this.  

The above slide has presented different benefits of tourism planning in Qatar for local residents. First of all, the tourism planning helps to enhance employment opportunities. Infrastructural development is ultimately helping to enhance the infrastructural facilities for locals. In this, there is a discussion on the impact on tourism as it helps in increasing tourism in the country. It also helps in developing and protecting the customer or consumer in the country, so the aim of the authority is to protect the consumer by creating a healthy environment for them. It also has an positive impact on the infrastructure of the country.

The above slide has explained the public-private partnerships in the context of Qatar. Tourism authority of Qatar has played a vast role in the establishment of the PPP model in the Qatar tourism industry.

Effective use of resources is the core advantage of the PPP model. The PPP models helps to allocate and manage resources in Qatar. 

The above-presented slides have defined another advantage of PPP model in Qatar. A proper infrastructure built from the involvement of public and private organizations in the tourism industry for providing accommodation, transportation and food facility. 

The above-presented slide has defined the disadvantage of the PPP model in tourism in Qatar. A public and private organization has a difference in between their working objectives, which negatively effects the implementation of planning. 

In this, there is a discussion of the disadvantage of tourism development in the country. These are some disadvantage of this like it creates political risk and also increase the financial risk in the country and also creates a situation of lack of resources for the country as there is sometimes misuse of the resources and also results in increasing crime rates in the country which result in lack of safety in the country and also effects the socio-culture of the country. This will effect the illegal marketing, and it will encourage illegal marketing as a tourist will be charge high as compared to the local citizen of the country which is illegal practice .there is also a cultural difference among the tourist and the local people of the country. There are some times some health issues also, which will have a negative effect on tourist. This also helps to increasing the crime rates in that country, which is a bad sign for the country .it is not good for the country to have a high crime rate. 

In this, there is a discussion of the positive as well as negative sides of tourism on the economy of the country. In a positive way, this will helps increasing the business of different department in the country and also helps increase employment opportunities and helps in the overall development of the country. 

Task 2


The following report will help in understanding the approaches required for planning of tourism and travelling sector. Interactive planning systems will also discuss in the report. For better understanding, the case study of Qatar is selected. Qatar is a rich country and organizes various events in their nation. Impact of tourist with services will also be discussed in the report.

2.1 Analyze the features of tourism development planning at different levels with reference to Qatar.

For tourism, it is very important that planning is done at different levels. It is because this practice is very complex and requires lots of procedures and steps to be completed. Thus, if it is planned according to levels, then steps could be taken easily and lead to decrease conflicts among different levels. As in the case of Qatar, 80 sports events are organized annually. In the future also lots of important events like the World Athletics Championship and the FIFA world cup will also be organized in Qatar. Thus it becomes important to do planning according to different stages so that conflicts and issues could be decreased (Jordan, et al., 2013).

International Level – The control and planning of this stage is performed on an international level. International services and policies are involved in it. This planning includes international transportation services, and tours of tourists were also planned on an international level. Development related to places where maximum tourists came is also handled on the International level. Qatar is a country in which a large number of tourists came from different countries. Thus it is very important that proper management should be done on an international level so that tourists feel comfortable and safe in Qatar. 

National Level – Public sectors as well as private organizations are involved on a national level. They both work for national level tourism and profit is distributed accordingly. In Qatar, on a national level, some private firms also support the government for increasing the tourism level. Some authorities are decided which are responsible for tourism on a national level.

Regional Level – It includes regional policies and infrastructure of places where a large number of tourists arrives. Management of this particular level is simplest. It is because only local bodies are involved at the regional level. For example, in Qatar, Regional single interest organizations are responsible for regional bodies (Simão and Partidário, 2012). 

2.2 Evaluate the significance of interactive planning systems and processes in tourism development with reference to Qatar.

Interactive planning is the practice of making plans in such a way that it focuses on present and results obtained can have a positive impact on future perspectives. Interactive planning is done for obtaining economic profit and leads to development in the tourism sector. Interactive planning is done for making a positive effect on local authorities.

Development – An interactive planning system is a practice that contributes to the economic profit of the country. This planning is thus required in Qatar. Interactive planning makes the planning of tourism so that economic profit can be gained by country. Economic development leads to overall development.

Preservation – Interactive planning leads to preservation also. The particular planning is done in such a way that preservation of resources and other factors related to tourism takes place. These preserved resources can be used by future generations. Thus, interactive planning has significance in preservation also. 

New Build – The resources preserved by interactive planning can be used for building or creating new opportunities and services. In Qatar, as the number of tourists is increasing rapidly; thus, it is very important that new resources and services could be provided to tourists. Interactive planning plays a major role in achieving it and plans in such a way that new services could be produced.  

2.3 Evaluate different methods available to measure tourist impact with reference to Qatar.

This impacted on different factors in Qatar. It is important to quantify these impacts because it helps in determining the change in policies and services to be done for tourist services. These measures help in maintaining balance in the tourism department as profit or loss could be determined with the help of these measures. Different methods are available to measure these impacts (Eshliki and Kaboudi, 2012). 

  1. Cambridge Economic Impact Model (STEAM) – This system is used to evaluate the impact on the economy due to the tourism sector in a particular area. The impact can be measured from this method by determining the volume of tourists travelled in a particular place. In Qatar, the economic impact can be measured from this method easily and accurately. In this method, a spreadsheet is prepared and then work is done. The number of tourists who came to Qatar will be mentioned in this spread sheet, and the amount of money tourist has spent also mentioned. The amount of money earned by local residents is also mentioned in this model.
  2. Environment Impact Studies – A large number of tourists came every year in Qatar, which contributes to an increase in their economy. But sometimes it negatively impacts on the environment of the country. Due to a large number of tourists in Qatar, transportation has also increased at a rapid rate. Due to this reason, carbon dioxide is emitted on a large scale which harms the environment. This leads to an increase in pollution in Qatar. Thus, due to the tourism sector emission of carbon dioxide and pollution has increased on the rapid rate, which affected the environment negatively. Global warming is also increased because of these reasons. Hence, Qatar should focus on this and take appropriate steps to decrease pollution. Mainly transport is the field where the focus is required on a large scale by Qatar because it is affecting the environment on a large scale.
  3. Pro-Poor Tourism – Pro-Poor Tourism is the method of determining profit gained by poor people of the country due to tourism. As in Qatar, public sectors and private sectors mainly gets the benefit, and poor people are not that much affected. The only benefit poor people of Qatar achieved was an increase in jobs and business opportunities due to tourism.  


From the above report, it could be analysed that tourism impacts on the economy and development of the country on a very large scale. The development of tourism is accomplished on different levels. These levels are International level, National and Regional level. Interactive planning is also an important practice for the planning of these levels. This planning mainly impacts on local people of tourist places. The impact should also be measured in order to determine the changes required in tourism policies.



Sustainable tourism is defined as a practice which is responsible for current and future aspects of the environment, social and economic factors. Sustainable tourism fulfils the requirements of tourists or visitors (Carter, et al., 2015).

3.1 Justify the introduction of the concept of sustainability in tourism development with reference Qatar

According to the Brundtland report (1987), sustainable development in practice, in which development is done for the present without compromising future generations. In the case of Qatar, large numbers of tourists are there which comes in their country. That is the reason the importance of sustainability is very important in their country. It helps in maintaining balance in different demands for tourism and also leads to profit for the country in which tourists are arriving. Sustainability for tourism is leading to proper management of tourism facilities and requirements. It maintains all the factors which are related to tourism (Rapoport, 2015). Hence sustainability in tourism is important for Qatar so that tourism practices could be completed properly.

           (Nath, 2015)

3.2 Analyze factors that may prevent/hinder sustainable tourism development with reference to Qatar

Sustainable tourism is very important to practice for the travelling and tourism sectors. But sometimes many difficulties arise in implementing sustainable tourism. Fewer resources weighed against demand and less supply off facilities are among those difficulties.  Millions of people are there who travel in Qatar. Resources are thus required for making tourism successful. But if resources given are less then demanded, then it leads to the failure of tourism and impacts negatively on tourism. Basic facilities should also be provided to tourists. But if a country is not able to provide these basic facilities, then it leads to increasing difficulties for the tourism sector in that particular country.  Another difficulty that could arise is the poor infrastructure of accommodation of tourists.

            (Chesters, 2015)

3.3 Analyze different stages in planning for sustainability with reference to Qatar.

Step 1IDENTIFIES GOALS It identifies the goal. For example, in the case of Qatar, mainly, the goal is to increase the number of tourists.

Step 2 – IDENTIFICATION OF STAKEHOLDERS In Qatar, stakeholders are generally the government, local authorities and private organization investors.

Step 3 – FIND ATTRACTIVE PLACES In Qatar, there are many places that are beautiful attractive and can attract tourists. 

Step 4 – ANALYZING ISSUES Qatar is a country with a large number of tourist. Thus issues can occur there. Hence it is very important to identify these issues and solve these issues.

Step 5 – IMPLEMENTATION After determining the above researches and ideas, the last step is to implement these ideas (Hunt, and Stronza, 2014). 


From this case study, it could be concluded that sustainability in tourism makes tourism practice easy and more effective. There are some factors that also make sustainable tourism difficult. The availability of resources and obstacles due to local people are those hinders. Sustainability development includes various steps. These steps have to be followed for making sustainability development easy and specific.

Task 4 

The future wellbeing of Qatar Tourism

June 22, 2019

4.1 Evaluate methods of resolving a conflict of interests to ensure the future wellbeing of a developing tourism destination such as Qatar

Conflict of interest is very common and is arise when there is a difference in the interest and objectives of stakeholders. The government and the concerned organizations need to resolve the conflicts for sustainable tourism development. Qatar Tourism Authority wants to sustain long term tourism development, and numerous strategies have been formed by the authority in order to attain long term development and economic diversification. There are multiple conflicts of interest in stakeholders and local communities. Due to tourism, the culture and environment get impacted, and this the main reason for conflict. The techniques for conflict of interest resolution for the determination of welfare of an emerging tourism destination for Qatar are as follows:

Negotiation: This is major method of conflict resolution among the stakeholders and the localities. In the negotiation method, the government should consider the issues of stale holders and the local community and try to resolve them (Foley, et al., 2012). In the negotiation procedure, the government should try to convince the stakeholders and communities by making them familiar with the benefits. Through this method, the government and the concerned authorities can solve the issues or conflicts with ease.

Mediation: This method resolves the conflicts by way of a mutual agreement accepted by everyone. This is the crucial method of resolving the conflicts between the government and the concerned authorities by offering jobs that can get on the mutual decision. In this way, the government and the stakeholders and other people can reach a mutual agreement. By framing the policies both authorities and stakeholders can reach on the solution. This is an effective method of resolution of conflicts. By making familiar with the positive aspects of tourism, all the conflicts can be solved in an appropriate manner.

4.2 Analyze the implications of balancing supply and demand with reference to Qatar.

Qatar is very popular and famous for its rich culture, and it is an emerging destination for tourism. The rate of tourists in increasing each year. In comparison to the year, 2012-2016 tourism has been developed by a rate of 6% in Qatar. 1.235 million Tourists came in the last year to visit the country. Qatar is an emerging tourism destination and is known for its cultural and historical places. The aim of the country is to upsurge the tourists from 1.2 million to 1.8 million. Qatar national vision 2030 has been designated in the year of 2030 by the tourism authority to enhance tourism and economic diversification. In Qatar, tourism shares a huge part in GDP. Due to the high increment in tourism, the country is facing the problem of shortage of hotels. It is essential to make a balance in supply and demand.

In order to meet the expectation of the visitors and the generated facilities has to be equivalent according to the market demands. It boosts the economic and overall development of a country. Qatar Tourism Authority needs to ponder all the aspects to maintain the demand and supply balance. The environmental issues, infrastructure issues need to be resolved to meet the expectation and to sustain tourism for the long term. Qatar National Tourism Sector Strategy launched by the tourism authority to attain the increasing demand and for the economic development of the Country. It is vital to keep the supply and demand according to the needs and demands of the tourists; otherwise, it will impact tourism adversely. In the context of Qatar, the tourism authority needs to build infrastructure and hotels for meeting expectations and to deliver the best facilities to the tourists. The country needs to make a proper balance between supply and demand to attain the vision and to meet the needs of the tourists.

4.3 Evaluate the moral and ethical issues of enclave tourism in Qatar

Tourism activities in a restricted geographical area to satisfy the needs of specific visitors are considered in the enclave tourism. This activity is mainly started by the government. The coastal areas of Qatar are known as enclave tourism. It is established by the government to provide accommodation and other facilities to the visitors. In these places, the rates of all the things are kept low so that the visitors can easily afford the accommodation and other facilities offered by the country.

Enclave tourism in Qatar opens multiple ethical and moral issues. The culture of the local communities gets crushed by enclave tourism. The local communities living in Qatar will not be benefitted from the advantages (Kessler, 2015). The prices are mainly kept low for the visitors; hence, the local people can not avail the benefit of low prices. Unethical and illegal activities are also increases due to enclave tourism. When people from different countries come and visit the country, then they do not respect the culture and the values if the local people hence the traditions and values of the local community get hampered. The environment of Qatar also getting damaged, and the quality of soil is decreasing due to enclave tourism.

Qatar is a country that is well-known for its morals and cultures. Due to enclave tourism, the risk of criminal and unethical activities has been increased. The infrastructure and natural resources are being misused by the visitors and this main concern. The moral and ethical issues are the key issues of enclave tourism in Qatar. Due to this, the competition is getting affected, and the organizations tend to keep the prices very high. It also introduces the health and safety risks of the people. Due to tourism, the impact of contemporary culture is taking place, and the history and traditional culture of the country is getting obstructed. These were the main ethical and moral issues or challenges which the people of Qatar are facing due to enclave tourism.

Task 5

5.1 Compare current issues associated with tourism development in a developing country and an emerging destination where the impacts of tourism are different. Your report should be professionally presented, such as using comparative tables.

Bhutan is a developing country in the context of tourism. It is popular for religious belief. To see the Bhutanese monasteries people from all over the world come to Bhutan. Culture and society are the centres of attraction (Teoh, 2012). The language and the activities of Bhutan are very famous across the world. The dance and sports of Bhutan are attractive. The economy of Bhutan is popular, and Bhutan is the only country that produces 100% organic food. The climate of Bhutan is good; hence, it provides flexibility to the visitors to visit the country. Bhutan is mainly popular for religion, games, dance and its farming. There are numerous places to visit. Every year the percentage of tourism is increasing. Bhutan is very famous in the world for multiple things.

Qatar is an emerging destination, and it is famous in the world for its culture, history, and infrastructure. Every year multiple tourists visit the country to see the rich culture of the country. Apart from the rich culture, the country is very famous for sports, and it hosts more than 150 conferences every year (Schroeder, 2015). The aim of the country is to sustain tourism and for the sustainability of the tourism authority framed a strategy known as “Qatar National Tourism Sector strategy”. Qatar is popular in the world for its arts, customs, beliefs, and infrastructure.

Issues related to tourism development in Bhutan and Qatar is as follows:

EnvironmentalTourism development results in numerous environmental damages. The increase in the rate of tourism results in high pollution, heat in the environment Bhutan due to tourism the environment is getting polluted, and it is affecting culture negatively. The environment of Qatar is getting damaged, and the quality of soil is also decreasing. Every year a lot of tourists visit the country, and it results in a scarcity of natural resources. It harms the economic system.
Socio-Cultural Enhancement in tourism damages the value of norms and culture. The local culture and the beliefs of the people get affected by the growth in tourism.  Qatar is majorly famous for its rich culture. Due to the increase in tourism, the culture is getting impacted adversely, and the history of the country is getting impacted negatively as well.
EconomicIn Bhutan, tourism is a source of revenue whereas it impacts the economy of Bhutan adversely. Extra investment has to be made for meeting the expectations of the visitors. Tourism is increasing at a high rate in Qatar. The high rate in tourism results in a negative impact on the economy.  The infrastructure and other things get affected by tourism.

5.2 – Evaluate, with recommendations, the future development of tourism in these chosen destinations.

With the help of sustainable tourism development, the negative impact of tourism in the country is resolved. There are different ways to remove the issues which are there because of the negative effect of tourism. In both countries, there is a need for sustainable tourism development. With the use of the methods which are discussed in the above question, the negative impact of tourism can be removed. By using these methods, there can be sustainable development in Qatar which will further increase the number of tourists in the country (Rapoport, 2015) Optimum utilization is one of the best and the most effective way to reduce the negative issues of tourism in the Bhutan and Qatar. There are limited resources and there proper use in needed so that it will also be available for future generations as both countries have a rich and varied heritage.   (Rapoport, 2015)The development of attractive strategies will help in the sustainable development of resources.

By making new strategies and plan, there can be an increase in tourism in Bhutan and Qatar. It is really important that the resources which are available would be used effectively. It helps to achieve the targets and goals of the company (Rapoport, 2015)Resolving the economic issues will help in increasing sustainable future tourism in the country. There is a need to have a balanced economy neither too high rate nor too low because both the conditions are not good for the countries like Bhutan and Qatar .they need to have a balanced rate for the growth of tourism in the country.  Economies play the most important role when it comes to sustainability in businesses. The economy includes the exchange rates of different countries. It also helps to manage the growth of the business because things are connected with each other (Rapoport, 2015). Developing a long-lasting connection with all the investors as investors are prime sources of capital, and it makes it really important for Bhutan and Qatar to have a plan for the future. Sustainable development needs to implement so that there will be better business opportunities, and there will be growth and development of tourism in the country.

This will also help in the sustainable development of the resources of the by using the resources in the most effective and efficient manner so that the country can improve its economy and can develop tourism more. Safety and protection of the tourist are also given importance as this will attract the tourist to the country.


In this, there is a discussion of the positive as well as negative sides of tourism on the economy of the country. In a positive way, this will helps to increase the business of different departments in the country and also helps increase employment opportunities and helps in the overall development of the country. This will helps in increasing the standard of living of the people of that particular country and also helps in the economic growth of the this report there is a discussion of the socioeconomic and another business aspect which are necessary for the development of the tourism of the country. A developed plan is needed for the reduction of the negative impact of tourism on the country. With the help of sustainable development, there will be an increase in employment opportunities in the country

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