Case Study Assignment – HOTL1221
Maria was very pleased and delighted with the group of students in HOTL1221 because they followed the TLP, worked on the Food Safety Online Portal, and handed in their assignments on time. Maria has planned a Surprise Spooktacular Halloween Dinner Party for the students. The menu items for this party included pizza, chicken wings, perogies, and pumpkin tarts.
Grocery list items to purchase:
- chicken, vegetables, cheese, pepperoni, tomato sauce , sour cream, hot sauce, butter, pumpkin filling
To assist Maria with this party’s preparation and to buy supplies, she invited her good friend, “Witchy Poo” and her cat “Bookie” to help.
Once Maria and Witchy Poo returned from purchasing groceries from the neighbor’s, they noticed that Bookie must have been walking over the kitchen counter because there were traces of cat hair. When looking for Bookie, they saw that Bookie fell asleep on the cutting board. Maria said, “Silly Kitty” and moved Bookie on to a chair. Maria started to take the raw chicken, vegetables, cheese, and all the other items out of the bag and place them on the counter to prep the dinner. Maria noticed that the can of tomato sauce was severely dented and bulging but decided to use it because it was inside that matter.
At this time, Witchy Poo took the cutting board from the counter and began cutting the raw chicken into pieces with the knife that was in the sink. Suddenly, Witchy Poo got an itch and scratched her head and said, maybe I should wear my hair up? Maria said, no worries, you have such beautiful long black hair you don’t want to ruin it for the party. “You’re right,” Witchy Poo said and continued cutting the raw chicken.
Witchy Poo finished cutting the raw chicken on the cutting board; she started to cut all the pizza ingredients with the same knife, vegetables, mozzarella cheese, and pepperoni. To save time on the preparation, she didn’t wash the vegetable because they looked clean. After Witchy Poo finished cutting the ingredients and was ready to bake the pizza, she washed her hands and asked Maria, do you have any paper towels to dry my hands, but Maria said no, sorry I ran out. Witchy Poo said that’s okay; I’ll wipe in on my dress.
During this time, Maria was rolling the dough for the perogies and sneezed. Oh my, Maria said. I sure hope I’m not catching a cold and continued rolling the dough. Witchy Poo asked Maria, “Can I help you make the delicious potato and cheese filling for the perogies? Maria replied, I made it 7 hours ago, and it’s been sitting on the counter, ready for me to start filling the dough. Witchy Poo said that was excellent planning on your part Maria.
After making the Surprise Spooktacular Halloween Dinner Party’s food, Maria and Witchy Poo were exhausted. They decided to cover all the food in napkins and leave on the counter overnight and finish the clean up in the morning.
Please answer all questions on next page.
Case Study Questions: Please answer all 10 questions below. /20 marks
- Based on this case study, would it be safe for the students in HOTL1221 to eat the food prepared by Maria and Witchy Poo? Yes or No? Why? (3 Marks)
No, it is not at all safe for the students to eat the foods which are prepared by Maria and Witchy Poo for the students in HOTL1221. As per the case study the food which is prepared by Maria and Witchy Poo was not at all hygienic. They did not pay attention to the food safety handling. Witchy Poo was having a cat, name Bookie. There were also traces of cat hairs on the counter they did not bother to clean it before preparing the food. The equipment which was used by them for preparing the food was not clean and unhygienic. They did not wash their hands before preparing and while preparing the food they cut the raw chicken and pizza ingredients with the same knife. There are also chances of cross-contamination (SILVA, et al., 2021).
- What is two potentially hazardous food from the menu? ( 2 Marks)
From the menu two of the potentially hazardous food are- first is chicken wings. It is potentiallyhazardous food as it is capable of supporting the rapid growth of microorganisms. As chicken is of animal origin so it is potentially hazardous. Then the second menu item which is potentially hazardous is pumpkin tart. It is a clustered style tart it is made by using potentiallyhazardous food such as milk and eggs. It is known as potentially hazardous because there is the rapid growth of bacteria in it. To prevent the foodborne illness the tart must be kept in the refrigerator within 2 hours.
- What type of contamination or hazard could occur with “Bookie” walking on the counter and napping on the cutting board? (1 mark)
There might be allergies or bacterial contamination that can be caused by the Bookie. As there the traces of the cat’s hair on the counter and she was found sleeping on the cutting board then it may also become the reason for the fungal infection (Tei Mensah, et al., 2018).
- Did Maria and Witchy Poo prevent contamination from entering the kitchen when they purchased the party’s groceries? Yes or No? Why? (3 marks )
No, Maria and Witchy Poo do not prevent contamination from entering the kitchen when they purchase the groceries for the party. They did not wash their hands before preparing the food. when they entered the kitchen, they move Bookie onto a chair. Then Maria started to take the raw chicken, vegetables, cheese, and all the items from the bag and then they place them on the counter. After placing it on the counter they started preparing the dinner. They used a knife that was in the sink without washing it and started cutting the raw chicken into pieces. After cutting the chicken Witchy Poo started to cut pizza ingredients with the same knife. Vegetables were also not washed and she was also scratching her head while preparing the food and working with the same hands without washing it. So, by all these things they can’t prevent contamination from entering the kitchen (Lagerkvist, et al., 2018).
- What hygiene practices did Maria and Witchy Poo repeatedly NOTdo when preparing the food? (1 Mark)
Many hygiene practices were not done by Maria and Witchy Poo repeatedly when preparing the food are-they did not wash their hands before preparing the food. They do not was a knife which was in the sink and the cutting board on which Bookie was sleeping. They also didn’t was the vegetables before cutting. When Maria was rolling the dough for the perogies and sneezed suddenly then also she didn’t wash her hands and again starts rolling the dough van (Mullan, et al., 2021).
- Identify all food safety hazards that occurred during this preparation. (3 marks)
All the food safety hazards which occurred during the preparation are-1) They did not clean the counter before preparing the food. There were traces of cat hairs on the kitchen counter. Maria then started to take out all the ingredients on the same counter where cat hairs were there. Then they used the tomato sauce which was severely dented and bulging. Then the Witchy Poo took the cutting board on which Bookie was sleeping from the counter and started to cut the raw chicken into the pieces. The knife which was used by her was in the sink. Then suddenly she got an itch and started to scratch her head and then continued to cut the raw chicken without washing her hands. She cut all the other ingredients with the same knife which was Against the food safety hazard. Before cutting the vegetables, she did wash them. Maria sneezed while rolling the dough then also she continued to roll the dough. She made the cheese filling for the perogies 7 hours ago and it’s been sitting on the counter. So, there was many foods safety hazard while preparation (Obande, & Young, 2020).
- List 2 instances when a food-contact surface must be cleaned and sanitized. (2 marks)
Two instances are- 1) All the food-contact surfaces must be clean and sanitized after they are used and before the food handlers start working with the various type of food. 2) The food contact surface must be cleaned and sanitized any time when the food handlers are interrupted during the takes and items which they are using may have been contaminated.
- Was it a good idea that the perogies potato filling was cooked earlier and left out to cool down for 7 hours? Yes or No? Why? (2 marks)
Yes, it was a good idea to prepare the perogies filling earlier. As most of the pierogi fillings can be frozen. But it should not be let out to cool for seven hours. After cooling down it must be covered with the lid and then kept in the freezer. When there is a need, it can be simply allowed to thaw at room temperature (Obande, & Young, 2020).
- When Witchy Poo went to wash her hands, did she do all steps correctly? Yes or No? Why? (2 marks)
No, when the Witchy Poo went to wash her hands, she did not do all the steps correctly. She did not wash her hands with the soap and after washing the hands she did not dry them properly with the paper towel. When the paper towel was not available, she could have waited and let her hands air dry it. But instead of drying her hands, she simply wipes them on her dress van (Rijen, et al., 2021).
- What type of contamination could result when Maria sneezed while she was rolling the Perogies dough? (1 mark)
Physical contamination can be caused when Maria sneezed while rolling the perogies dough. While preparing the food cross-contamination is can be caused by sneezing it also refers to biological contamination which can be chemical or physical (BARBOZA, et al., 2021).
BARBOZA, G., ALMEIDA, J., & SILVA, N. (2021). Use of natural substrates as an alternative for the prevention of microbial contamination in the food industry. Food Science And Technology. https://doi.org/10.1590/fst.05720
Lagerkvist, C., Amuakwa-Mensah, F., & Tei Mensah, J. (2018). How consumer confidence in food safety practices along the food supply chain determines food handling practices: Evidence from Ghana. Food Control, 93, 265-273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2018.06.019
Obande, D., & Young, I. (2020). Safe food refrigeration knowledge, attitudes, and practices of university students. British Food Journal, 122(4), 1085-1098. https://doi.org/10.1108/bfj-05-2019-0327
van Rijen, D., Mergelsberg, E., Hoor, G., & Mullan, B. (2021). Improving safe food-handling practices by increasing self-efficacy. Food Control, 130, 108361. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2021.108361