The most famous reflective cyclic models are through six stages. This is a good way that used
to work with experience. It is the process of working through the experience the situation can
be a standalone or a situation that experiencing. Gibbs’s reflective cycle is to encourage
thinking systematically about the situations and the activities that had been experiencing.
Before going through any situation must go deep diving into the situation of the assignment.
Graham Gibbs developed Gibb’s Reflective cycle in 1988. This cycle was developed to give
more experience to learning. It is used to learn from the experiences that you learn and plans
things according to the history of the experience.
History of the Gibbs reflective cycle:
This is to develop in 1988 to support the brief learning of the experience of the situation.
Gibbs has taken to developed this cycle from Kolb’s Learning cycle which himself inspired by Kurt Lewin. This is used to build the framework that is used to design the experiences. The main aim of this cyclic nature is to analyze the experience and evaluate it for future building.
It has six stages of Reflective cycle are:
Description: This stage defines the experience briefly and in detail. This stage’s main
concern is to define what’s happening. This provides the following precise information for a
better understanding of what’s going on:
Where did it happen?
Why this has happened?
What did happen?
How did the reaction of the people?
What is the end of the situation?
The experience observation is discussed in the first step but what’s going on internally what
were the feelings and thoughts of the experience described in the second step? Before writing
collects the all experience you feel through the experience and how thinking about them.
This part is used to evaluate how the perception will be good or bad when it turns into
actions. The reflective method is mainly used in completing Nursing assignment help and law
The following questions are to be asked while processing the reflective cycle:
What will go well?
What’s not going well? Why or why not the situation will not work or work?
What will be the negative or positive contribution of the situation?
What’s the negative or positive impact of the other side?
This step is used to analyze all the details to consider all the situations that might impact the
situation positively or negatively. This analyzes and makes us aware of all the situations that
help to encounter problems in the situation in future.
There are steps used to describe what has been learned throughout the process. If the process
has a positive response then describes all the responses that will impact it positively. The
conclusion includes the steps that must be taken if the response is negative. This step includes
the skills to improve the conditions while analyzing them. What will be the steps taken to
change the negative outcomes into positive ones?
This is the last step all the steps are taken based on the conclusion that describes and take
steps to take actions for the next outcomes in the future. The actions are taken positively that
describe how the action will impact the process and how to follow it.
Advantages of the Gibbs Reflective Cycle:
1. Used to critically analyze the feeling and behavior of others in a given situation.
2. Preparing the general strategies from observing the situations.
3. Decisions to resolve the uncertainty.
4. Engaging in other thinking includes own thinking.
5. Self-development engagement.
Disadvantages of the Gibbs Reflective Cycle:
1. All practitioners are not allowed to involve in the reflective cycle.
2. Challenging while evaluating the own process. 3. This can be time taken or time-consuming.
4. Which situation is to be taken in the reflection may be confusing.
5. It is a reactive approach rather than a proactive one.
6. There are no references included in the critical thinking steps of the reflective cycle.
7. It is not proven scientifically.